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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Buffalo,   pp. 266-273

Page 271

Leather.-Buffalo has peculiar advantages for this manufacture, and
has more capital invested in it than in any other branch. The Tanneries
of Busn & HOWARD and AARON RUMBEY & Co. are the largest in
Western New York.
Mill Stones and Mill Furnishing.-The establishments in Buffalo
for furnishing mills are probably the largest of their class in the country.
At JOHN T. NOYE's Mill Stone Manufactory, for instance, a person who
desires to construct and equip a Mill, can obtain every thing, from a
steam engine to the bolting cloths. He has simply to send a statement
and diagram of the situation, size desired, and other particulars, and
the entire mill, except the buildings (and the designs for these are fre-
quently included), will be furnished. We know of no other establish-
ment of the kind so complete in all its appointments.
Mr. Noye is also distinguished as an inventor as well as a manufac-
turer. His Centrifugal Feeding Portable Mill has effected a revolution
in the ideas of millers as to the relative value of large and small stones.
He commenced the manufacture in 1852, and such were the prejudices
of old millers against small stones, that the sales during the first year
did not exceed a half dozen mills. One after another, however, was
induced to test the experiment, and found the results eminently satisfac-
tory. Brown & Smead, at their steam mill in Portage, N. Y., found
that by means of Mr. Noye's improvement they could make a hundred
barrels of flour with only one and a half cords of wood; and 0. Whit-
ney & Co. at their large steam mill in Detroit did the same work with
one ton of bituminous coal. What was then an experiment has now
become a fixed fact, namely, that portable mills with the centrifugal
feeding principle can be run (say three feet stones) with an economy of
, power over large stones of from twenty-five to thirty-three per cent.;
and the flour, from its superior liveliness, is preferred by bakers.
Mr. Noye is also the inventor of an improved Bolting Reel, a Pres-
sure Mill, a Plantation Corn Mill, a Smut Machine and Separator, a
Centre Vent Turbine Water Wheel, a Chinese Sugar-Cane Mill and
Sugar Mill Horse-Power, and other contrivances that exhibit the fer-
tility of his genius and his skill in the adaptation of mechanics to useful
ZADOCK G. ALLEN & Co. are another firm in Buffalo extensively en-
gaged in making Burr Millstones and furnishing Mill Machinery. Mr.
Allen has had a long experience both as a millwright and a manufac-
turer. He is also an inventor, and his Improved Cast Iron Water
Wheel is believed to be the best now in use. It is cast whole, and
finished in a lathe by boring the eye and turning the rim, and its quick
and steady motion adapt it for milling purposes, as the stone can be

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