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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Albany,   pp. 240-248


Page 246

ALBANY BREWERIES.
Previous to the erection of the Taylor Brewery, the largest in Albany
was that of U. Burt & Co. The founder of this firm, Mr. Uri Burt,
was engaged in the business of brewing since 1819, but the house of
which he was the head dates its existence from 1836, when he and his
son Charles A. Burt commenced business. The present Brewery, which
occupies the block bounded by Centre, Colonic, Montgomery and Lumber
Streets, being a square of 325 feet by 209 feet, was erected in 1847, to
which an addition was made in 1851, and a malt house built capable
of malting 100,000 bushels of barley per annum. They brew annually
over 50,000 barrels-in one year 1,860,825 gallons-but their capacity to
manufacture is mnch greater than this.
This firm was the first we believe to test the question whether malt
liquors could be sold for cash only. They invariably obtain payment on
delivery, not only for the ale but for the cask, when it is sent beyond the
city limits-the money being refunded when the cask is returned. No
variation is made from this rule except in. the case of wholesale dealers,
who are drawn upon at the beginning of every month for the amount of
their purchases during the preceding month.' They claim that by thus
escaping losses from bad debts, they can afford to use better stock and
increase the quantity of malt ; and as their sales are large notwith-
standing the adoption of a strictly cash system, the presumption in favor
of the claim seems to be well founded.
The founder of this firm has recently deceased, and the business is
now conducted by his son, Charles A. Burt, surviving partner, who ex-
ercises in its management the same judgment and skill that aided to
build up the establishment to its present prosperous condition.
The "Arch Street Brewery," Boyd, Brothers & Co., proprietors, is
another large establishment in Albany. Though the present firm com-
menced as recently as 1850, they may be fairly regarded as the succes-
sors of their father, Mr. Robert Boyd, who has been mentioned as the
oldest brewer in Albany now living.
In 1796, Mr. Robert Boyd,.the father of Robert, then living on an
island below Albany, employed two Scotchmen, one of whom was a
brewer, the other a maltster, to assist him in harvesting his grain.
These men, who had emigrated to Canada to establish a brewery, in-
duced Mr. Boyd to build one. This was erected at the corner of Arch
and Green Streets, and commenced brewing in 1797. It was but 24 by
30 feet, comprising a brewery and malt house. The two Setchmen
conducted the malting and brewing, and were required to instruct
Mr. Robert Boyd, while his father furnished the capital. Mr. R. Boyd
gave up the business in a few years and removed to the country, but re-
turned in 1808, and was the senior partner of the firm of Boyd &
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