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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Albany,   pp. 240-248

Page 244

Linings, known as the " Salamander and Albany Fire Brick Works,"
of which Palmer, Newton & Co. are proprietors.
To obtain linings that were good conductors of heat, and yet strong
enough to bear transportation without fracture, has long been a deside-
ratumu of Stove and Range manufacturers, and judging from the extent
of their business, we infer that this firm has attained the desired result.
Theylsupply not only the foundries of Albany and Troy, but the extensive
Range manufacturers of Boston and Providence, and also many dealers
in New York, Baltimore, and other places.
Among the specialties of this firm's manufactures, we might mention
Fire Brick Grates for Thompson's patent furnace for burning wet tan.
This improvement is of immense value to tanners, enabling them to use
as fuel the tan which was heretofore an encumbrance to them, and thus
save not only the expense of its removal, but of purchasing other fuel.
Besides the Stove foundries, Albany has several important establish-
ments in other branches of the Iron manufacture, including one cele-
brated manufactory of Car Wheels, owned by George H1. Thatcher
& Co. This establishment, though not so large as some others in the
country, has an excellent reputation, and when in full operation turns
out over 100 wheels per day. Messrs. Thatcher & Co. manufacture the
Atwood Patent Corrugated Wheel, the Dorsch Patent Wheel, and other
patterns which experience has proved can be successfully cast and chilled,
and possess strength and duiotbility. In each wheel the proprietors of
these works use from eight to twelve varieties of the best American
charcoal iron, and exercise great care and judgment in selecting and
mixing them. Every heat is subject to a test in order to determine (and
when defective, remedy) the exact temper or degree of hardness. The
New York Central Railroad and other important roads are chiefly sup-
plied with wheels from this establishment.
The Albany Breweries and Distilleries.
The manufacture of Malt Liquor has long been a prominent pursuit
in Albany. The oldest Brewer, now living, is Mr. Robert Boyd, who
commenced the business in 1797. At that period there were two or
three small Breweries-one belonging to Mr. Gansevoort, situated on
Maiden Lane, below Broadway, where Stanwix Hall now stands.
Another was owned by Mr. Van Schaick; and a Mr. Gill commenced
about the same time as Mr. Boyd. Subsequent to this, one Lloyd, who
was succeeded by LeBritton in 1805 ; Robert Dunlop in 1806; Boyd &
McCulloch in 1808; then succeeded H. Burrill and L. Fiddler, who in

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