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Wharton, Edith (1862-1937); Codman Jr., Ogden (1863-1951) / The decoration of houses
(1898)

X: the drawing-room, boudoir, and morning-room,   pp. 122-133


Page 123

Drawing-Room, Boudoir, and Morning-Room 123
 The custom of having a state bedroom in which no one slept
(chambre de parade, as it was called) was so firmly established
that even in the engravings of Abraham     Bosse, representing
French life in the reign of Louis XIII, the fashionable apartments
in which card-parties, suppers, and other entertainments are
taking place, invariably contain a bed.
 In large establishments the chambre de parade was never used
as a sleeping-chamber except by visitors of distinction ; but in
small houses the lady slept in the room which served as her
boudoir and drawing-room.  The Renaissance, it is true, had in-
troduced from Italy the cabinet opening off the lady's chamber,
as in the palaces of Urbino and Mantua ; but these rooms were
at first seen only in kings' palaces, and were, moreover, too
small to serve any social purpose.  The cabinet of Catherine de'
Medici at Blois is a characteristic example.
 Meanwhile, the gallery had relieved the grand'salle of some of
its numerous uses; and these two apartments seem to have satisfied
all the requirements of society during the Renaissance in France.
 In the seventeenth century the introduction of the two-storied
Italian saloon produced a state apartment called a salon; and this,
towards the beginning of the eighteenth century, was divided
into two smaller rooms  one, the salon de compagnie, remaining
a part of the gala suite used exclusively for entertaining (see Plate
XXXIV), while the  other-the       salon de famille-became a
family apartment like the English drawing-room.
 The distinction between the salon de compagnie and the salon de
famille had by this time also established itself in England, where
the state drawing-room retained its Italian name of salone, or
saloon, while the living-apartment preserved, in abbreviated form,
the medi~val designation of the lady's with-drawing-room.


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