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Stickley, Gustav, 1858-1942. / Craftsman homes

Cabinet work for home workers and students who wish to learn the fundamental principles of construction,   pp. 169-184

Page 170

which he takes up as a recreation, does better
work in his own vocation because he is a
healthier and better balanced man and his
interest in his home grows more vivid and
personal with every article of furniture that
he makes with his own hands and according
to his own ideas.
  As    for the means of education afforded
by this kind of work, we have no better proof
than is shown by the widespread belief in the
efficacy  of manual  training in our  public
schools,  although to a practical craftsman
there would seem to be plenty of room for
                        improvement,    both
                        as  to  methods   of
                        teaching  and    the
                        quality of    work-
                        manship that is re-
                        quired    from the
                        students. W h e r e
                        manual  training  is
                        taken up purely on
                        account of the men-
                        tal development   it
                        affords, there  is a
                        tendency to make it
                        entirely  academic.
                        The   teachers   for
                        the most part rely
                        almost wholly upon
                        theory  and     have
                        very little practical
                        knowledge   of   the
                        t h i n g they teach.
                        The result is that a
                        boy   is encouraged
                        to ³express his own
                        individuality² in de-
FIGURE FOUR<cHILD¹s  OPEN signing and making
BOOKcAsE,               the thing that   ap-
                     peals to him instead of
                     being taught sound prin-
                     ciples of design and con-
                     struction and so guided
                     by a competent worker
                     that all his own work is
                     based upon these prin-
                     ciples and is thoroughly
                     done.   If the work  is
                     merely      regarded as
                     play, the theoretical at-
                     titude  toward the  ex-
                               pression of in-
                               dividuality is
                               all right; but
                               if it is regard-
ed as a preparation for the serious business
of later life, the result shows that it unfits
the student for real work in just such mea-
sure as he shows an aptitude for play work.
  The introduction of the    Craftsman  style
has practically revolutionized manual train-
ing  in our   public schools, because it has
placed at the disposal of the teachers designs
of such simplicity and clearness of construc-
tion that the work of teaching has been made
much easier and the field of manual train-
ing has been greatly broadened.    Before the
introduction of Craftsman furniture, manual
training in the schools rested chiefly upon
sloyd, which was confined to the making of
small articles entirely  for the sake of the
mental development afforded by the intelli-
gent use of the hands.     Now, however, the
students of manual training are learning to

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