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Stickley, Gustav, 1858-1942. / Craftsman homes

The craftsman's house: a practical application of our theories of home building,   pp. 45-49

Page 47

              THE CRAFTSMAN┬╣S HOUSE
variety in the immediate surround-
ings, while the view of the whole
country from the hilltop through
the gaps in the surrounding hills
does away with any sense of being
shut in.
  In designing the house, the first
essential  naturally  was  that  it
should be suited exactly to the re        ___-
quirements of the life to be lived
in it; the second, that it should
harmonize   with  its environment;
and the third, that it should be
built, as far as possible, from the
materials to be had right there on the ground
and left as nearly as possible in the natural
state.   Therefore the foundation and lower
walls of the building are of split field stone
and boulders taken from the tumbledown stone
fences and loose-lying rocks on the hillsides.
The timbers are cut from chestnut trees grow-
ing on the land, and the lines, proportions and
color of the bnilding are   designed with a
special view to the contour of the ground upon
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which -it stands and the background of trees
which rises behind it.
   The hillside site, affording, as it does, well
nigh perfect drainage, makes it possible to
put into effect a favorite Craftsman theory,<
that a house should be built without a cellar
and should, as nearly as possible, rest directly
on the ground with no visible foundation to
separate it from the soil and turf in which
it should almost appear to have taken root.
The   house  is protected against    dampness
                                  by making
                                  the excava-
                                  tion     for
                                  the founda-
                                  tion down
                                  to     clear
                                  hard     soil,
                                  filling it in
                                  partly   with
the  smaller pieces of stone    that were   re-
jected from the walls and placing on this a
thick layer of broken stone leveled off with
an equally thick  layer of  Portland cement
and  concrete, making it  level   and    smooth
like a pavement.  All of this foundation is
drain-tiled both inside and out.  On the top
of  the cement  floor is a  double   layer of
damp-proofing,  which  extends     without   a
break up the wall, and a thick layer of tar
and sand, in which the floor timbers are bed-
ded.   Another  layer of  waterproof      paper
covers this; and then comes the floor itself<
as completely protected from moisture as if
it were on the top story of the building.  The
heating plant and laundry are provided for
in a separate building and the stone storage

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