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Stickley, Gustav, 1858-1942. / Craftsman homes

A craftsman house founded on the California mission style,   pp. [unnumbered]-11

Page 9

                    have selected for presenta-
                 tion here what we consider
                 the best of the houses   de
                 signed    in The   Craftsman
                 Workshops      and  published
                 in THE CRAFTSMAN during
                 the past five years. Brought
                 together in this way into a
closely related group, these designs serve to
show the (levelopment of the Craftsman idea
of home building, decoration and furnishing,
and to make plain the fundamental principles
which underlie the planning of every Crafts-
man house.    These principles are simplicity,
durability, fitness for the life that is to be
lived  in  the house    and harmony   with its
natural surroundings.   Given these things, the
beauty and comfort of the home environment
(levelops as naturally as a flowering plant from
the root.
  As will be seen, these houses range froni the
simplest little cottages or bungalows costing
only a few hundred dollars, up to large and
expensive residences.   But they are all Crafts-
man houses, nevertheless, and all are designed
\Vith regard to the kind of durability that will
insure freedom from the necessity of frequent
repairs  to the greatest economy of space and
material, and to the securing of plenty of space
and freedom in the interior of the house by
doing away with unnecessary partitions and
the avoidance of any kind of crowding.   For
interest, beauty, an(l the effect of home com-
fort and welcome, we (lependl upon the liberal
use of ~vood finished in such a way that all its
friendliness is revealed   upon warmth, rich-
ness, and variety in the color scheme of walls.
rugs and (lraperies. and upon the charm of
structural  features  such  as  chimnevpieces,
window-seats,    staircases, fireside nooks, and
huilt-in   furnishings of all kinds, our object
being to have each room so interesting in itself
that it seems complete before a single piece of
furniture is put into it.
  This l)laili cement house has been selected
for presentation at the head of the list chiefly
because it was the first house designed in The
Craftsman Workshops and was published in
THE CRAFTSMAN for January, 1904, for the
benefit of the newly formed Home BuildersĀ¹
Club.    Therefore it serves to furnish us with
a starting point  from which we may judge
whether or not any advance has since been
made in the application of the Craftsman idea
to the planning and   furnishing of houses.
  It was only natural that our first expression
of this    idea should take  shape  in a house
which, without being exactly founded on the
Mission architecture so much      used in  Cali-
fornia,    is nevertheless reminiscent of  that
style, this effect being given by the low broad
proportions of the building and the use of
shallow, round arches over the entrance and
the two openings which give light and air to
the recessed porch in front.  The thick cement
walls   are  left rough, a primitive treatment
that produces a quality and texture difficult
to obtain by any other method and to which
time    an(l ~veather lend  additional interest.
The roof,    which is low pitched   and  has a
fairly strong projection, is covered with un-
glazed red Spanish tile in the usual lap-roll
pattern with ridlge rolls and cresting.    The
house, as it stands, is a fair example of the
xvav in which the problem of the exterior has
been solved by the combination of three fac-
tors:   simplicity of building  materials, em-
ployiuent of constructive features as the only

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