The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The turner., pp. 86-87
67 TIHE TURN ER. THE art of Turning, both ornamental and useful, is of great importance in many businesses, and requires a man possessing some degree of natural abilities to become an adept at it, as very few are to be found even able to Turn an oval. Turning ap- pears, according to PLINY and others, to have been carried to a degree of perfection very early. He gives an account of vessels of the most valuable kind, being Turned and enriched with a variety of ornaments, There are various kinds of lathes used in Turning; some require the aid of a man to turn the wheel; but those mostly used,> are turned by means of a treadle which the man, who is employed in Turning, works with his foot. The principal thing to be ac- quired by a young beginner, is a complete management of his chisel and gauge; these being the two instruments most frequently used. There is, besides these, a great va- riety oftools necessary; and which, together with some of the lathes used in Turning finer work, cost a considerable sum. A journeyman, on inferior work, can earn thirty-shillings per week; and those on fine work, by close attendance, + much as fifty shillings.
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