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Studer, Jacob Henry, 1840-1904. / The birds of North America

Plate CIV. Gould's, or Samuel's song sparrow. (Melospiza melodia, var. gouldii.),   pp. 153-156

Page 154

Western Yellow-winged Bunting, or Sparrow. (Coturniculus passerinus,
var. perpailidus.)
Fig. Io.
This species is the Western variety ot our common Yellow-
winged Sparrow, represented on Plate XLVIII., fig. 3, and de-
scribed on page 67. Its habitat is from the base of the Rocky
Mountains to the Pacific.
Eastern Snow Bird. (_7umco Ayemalis, var. aikeni.)
Fig. ix.
This bird is a variety of our common Snow Bird, represented on
Plate XXXVIII., figs. 5 and 6, and described on page 53. It is
recognized by two white bands across tip of medium and greater
coverts, and an additional white feather to the tail.
Gray, or Cinereous Snow Bird. (7unco cinereus, var. caniceps.)
Fig. 12.
This species was first discovered by Dr. Woodhouse, among the
San Francisco Mountains, in Arizona. He says: " Its habits ap-
peared to be very similar to those of the Western Snow Bird, as
well as those of the common Snow Bird," referred to in the pre-
ceding notice.
Bay-winged Bunting; Grass, or Field Sparrow; Grass Finch; Vesper
Bird. (Pooecetes gramineus, var. confinis.)
Fig. 13.
This species is the Western variety of our common bird, known
by the above names, and represented on Plate XLVIII., fig. 8,
and described on page 84. Its habitat is South into Mexico, from
the Middle Provinces of the United States.
St. Lucas Sparrow. (Passerculus restrains, var. gut!atus.)
Fig. 14
So far as known, there has been but one specimen of this bird
taken. It was met with by Mr. Xantus, at San Jos6, in Lower
California, in December, 1859, in company with a flock of Sea
Shore, or San Diego Sparrows (Passerculus rostratus), repre-
sented on this plate, fig. 9, which is also a rare species. And as
this bird is a variety, it is supposed that their habits are alike.
Aonalaska, or Northwestern Savanna Sparrow. (Passercuiuw' savanna,
var. sandwichensis.)
Fig. i5.
A Northwestern Coast variety of our common Savanna Spar-
row, represented on Plate XLIX., fig. I, and described on page
69. Its migrations extend from the Columbia River to Russian
Siberian Finch. (Leucosticte arcdoa.)
Fig. i6.
According to Dr. Cooper, this is a very stupid bird. When pur-
sued, it thrusts its head into a tuft of grass, and, imagining itself
concealed, can even be taken with the hand. Its habitat is the
Kurile, the Aleutian Islands, and Siberia.
Western Wood Pewee; Short-legged Pewee. (Contopus virens, vat.
Fig. rq.
Mr. Richardson first obtained this species, in the Arctic regions,
in the neighborhood of the Cumberland House, frequenting the
shady weeds, near the banks of rivers and lakes. Its range is
said to extend as far south as Guatemala, and even Panama, and
northward as far as the 6oth parallel of latitude, and from the great
plains to the Pacific. This bird is a Western variety of the com.
mon Wood Pewee (Contopus virens), plate L., fig. 3, page 73.
Coues' Flycatcher; Mexican Olive-sided Flycatcher. (Conlopus per.
Fig. I&
Dr. Cones was the first to discover this species. He met with a
young summer resident, at Fort Whipple, Arizona. No mention
is made in regard to its habits.
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher. (Empidonaxflaviventris.)
Fig. 19.
This species is met with in most all parts of North America, and
breeds from the Middle States, where it arrives about the first of
May. Northward it is considered a rare bird, and was first ob-
tained in Carlisle, Penn. Mr. Maynard obtained it in Massa-
chusetts, and, in his valuable work on Taxidermy, says: " May
31, 1869, I shot the first specimen I had ever seen living; the next
day I took eight of both sexes in a few hours. Between this time
and the ioth of June I took two or three more. I do not doubt
that it has occurred in previous seasons, but, being unaccustomed-
to its low note-which is like the syllable pea very plaintively
prolonged-and its retiring habits, I had not detected it before.
The specimens were all taken in low, swampy thickets, with the
exception of the first, which was shot on a tall oak. It keeps
near the ground, is rather shy, and upon the appearance of an in-
truder, instantly ceases its song.
Acadian, or Small Green-crested Flycatcher. (Emipidonax acadicus.)
Fig. 20.
This species is said to be almost entirely an inhabitant of Eastern
North America. Wilson found it inhabiting only the deepest soli-
tary parts of the woods, stationed among the lower branches, ut-
tering, at short intervals, a sudden, sharp squeak, heard at con-
siderable distance through the woods. As it flies, it utters a law,
querulous note, which it changes, on alighting, to its usual sharp
cry. He also says, it is a rare and very solitary bird, always
haunting the most gloomy, moist, and unfrequented parts of the
forest, feeding on flying insects, devouring wild bees and huckle-
berries in their season.
According to Mr. Jackson, the nest is generally placed on a
drooping limb of a bush, or a dogwood tree, at the height of from
six to ten feet from the ground. It is never saddled on a limb,
like that of a Wood Pewee, neither is it pensile, like those of the
Vireos, but is built in the fork of a small limb, and securely fast-
ened thereto by a strip of bark. The nest itself is mostly made
of fine strips of bark or weed-stalks woven together without much

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