Desgodets, Antoine Babuty, 1653-1728 / Les edifices antiques de Rome
Chapitre IX: du Temple de la Concorde à Rome = Chapter IX: of the Temple of Concord at Rome, pp. 57-61
 OF THE TEMPLE OF CONCORD AT ROME. muft therefore fuppofe the columns thofe of a porch: their fize is not equal any more than the width of the intercolumnations. The column on the right angle is 'fmaller than the reft, and that which is behind is bigger. The middle intercolumnation is wider than the others about one third of a module. In the elevation it muft be obferved, that the bafes of the columns, except the angular, have no plinth. The capitals are compofed of the doric and ionic. The columns are four feet two inches one fourth in diameter at the bottom, and thirty-nine feet eleven inches feven eighths high with the bafe and capital : their diminution commences from the bottom; they are of granite each of one piece. The bafes, capitals and entablature are of white marble. Between the joinings of the bafes and capitals with the columns, are tablets of lead. The architrave and frieze are of a fingle courfe and make but one fmooth table in front, on which is the infcription: the face of the left fide is alfo quite fmooth, the architrave being profiled only on the right fide. The cornice is of another courfe laid dry and without mortar upon the architrave ; and it is obfervable that the beds are not polifhed nor even traced, but pricked very thick and deep. Over the cornice are arches in difcharge, dire& to the intercolumns, to eafe the weight of the tympan, which is of brick. There remain only the returns of the cornice of the pediment, as I have drawn it. There are twenty-two modilions on the cornice in the whole breadth of the front of the porch ; and there is a void or intermodilion diredly over each column. The line which croffes three of the columns, and runs lower on the other fide, reprefents the ground. Palladio has put no plinth to the bafes of the angular columns; he profiles the architrave on both fides; he makes the diameter of the columns too fmall by an inch and half; the middle inter- columnation by two inches one fourth; the other intercolumns by an inch; the column with the bafe and capital too low by three feet eleven-inches five eighths: he puts but four letters in the firft line of the infcription, and the words are at full length ; he puts in the breadth of the front of 'the porch eleven modilions more than there are, and places a. modilion. diredly over each column. H E fecond plate contains feveral parts at large: the bafe of the angular columns, and that 1 of the other columns, the face of the capital, the entablature and the foflit of the cornice. On the bafes of the columns the contour of the fcotia's defcends no farther than the top of the orls 'under them, and there are no aftragals between the fcotia's. In the entablature the frieze remains ruffic on the right fide of the porch, and this ruftic comprehends the fillet or lift of the cymatium at the top of the architrave: on the foffit of the cornice in the under-fide of the modilions is an aftragal between two funk-fillets, as is profiled on the face of a modilion by dots. Palladio in the bafe of the columns omits a little funk-fillet between the orl and the upper torus; he makes the contour of the fcotia's defcend farther than the top of the orls under them: on the face of the capital he makes the volutes reenter the vafe ; he puts a quarter-round on the top of the abacus, where is only a fquare lifti; he fets a flower in the middle of the abacus inftead of a very peculiar ornament reprefenting a chafed cup: he makes the volutes defcend to the aftragal of the top of the column, whereas they defcend not fo much as to the bottom of the aftragal of the capital; he puts over each volute a leaf turned up, inflead of a little fcroll turned down: he lays on the thicknefs of the volutes a divided leaf which covers them, inflead of the little round and oval deepenings which enlarge as the volute. He puts imperfe& darts between the eggs, inflead of the double flowers that are there: he forms the frieze, and parts it from the architrave with which it is, blended by a ruftic. He omits the little ogee at the bottom of the cornice; he puts a pine-apple on the returning angle of the dentils, where is a dentil: he draws a little fillet about the receffes of the rofes in the foflit of the corona; he makes thofe receffes too deep, and gives the rofes too little proje&ion. The front of the modilions is too fmall; he makes them anfwer diredly'to the mniddle of the columns, whereas a rofe anfwers to it. He makes the bafe of the columns too high by one part three ninths ; the lower torus too high by a part, and the upper torus too low by two ~thirds.
Based on the date of publication, this material is presumed to be in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright