Chapman, J.G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889. / The American drawing-book: a manual for the amateur, and basis of study for the professional artist: especially adapted to the use of public and private schools, as well as home instruction.
(1870 [1873 printing])
Chapter III. Rudiments of drawing.--The human figure., pp. -90
90 RUDIMENTS OF DRAWIN(; 97. In conclusion, by reference to some of the most celebrated of the antique statues, it will be seen how nearly one average height of the figure, and proportion of the head to it, has been observed. The Farnese Hercules is, in height, supposing the figure erect, seven heads, three parts, and seven minutes (twelve minutes are allowed to a part); the Antinous of the Vatican, seven heads and two parts; the Laocoon, seven heads, two parts, and three minutes; the Dying Gladiator of the Capitol, eight heads; the Apollo Belvidere, seven heads, three parts, and six minutes; the Venus de Medici, seven heads and three parts; and the Grecian Shepherdess, at Naples, seven heads, three parts, and six minutes. 98. It should be borne in mind, that the proportions of the figure vary in almost every individual; and from infancy to manhood, they undergo mosL marked changes. Taking the size of the head, as a scale of measurement: the whole length of a child, two months old, will be found rarely to exceed four times the height of his head ;-at one year, four and a half heads ;- at three years, five and a quarter ; - at five years, scarcely six ; - at ten years, six and a half; - from fourteen to sixteen, about seven ;-and thence, to manhood, seven and a half, and some- times eight.
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