Chapman, J.G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889. / The American drawing-book: a manual for the amateur, and basis of study for the professional artist: especially adapted to the use of public and private schools, as well as home instruction.
(1870 [1873 printing])
Chapter I. Primary instructions in drawing., pp. 11-34
STRAiGHT LINES. obseri ation and appreciation of the beauty and wonder of creation, will lead to a healthful thirst for knowledge, the truest and surest incentive to the study of books. 4. In view of the importance of this early education in drawing, as well as to assist teachers in carrying out the system proposed, there have been prepared Drawing or Copy-Books, ruled and headed, on each page, with progressive examples, similar to those which will be given in the course of these rudimental instructions. Thus, with little or no additional labor, teachers may at once, although possessing, themselves, no knowledge of design, be capable of affording the means of instruction to their pupils, as well as supplying their own deficiency, in an important, and too long neglected, branch of popular education. These Copy-Books may be procured of the publisher, at a cost little beyond the price of an ordinary blank book. 5. Having acquired a considerable degree of accuracy in tracing the ruled faint line, as suggested (2), proceed to fix certain points along the line, at random, and then connect them together; moving your pen or pencil (the former is to be preferred) slowly and steadily, and not taking it from the paper until the line required is completed - Repeat this, from right to left, and from left to right, as in the first instance. After some degree of precision is thus obtained, you may, without fixing the points, endeavor to draw the lines, of the length required, by the aid of the eye and hand alone; and then, laying aside your ruled paper, see how nearly you can come to the examples given, on plain paper, on the slate or blackboard. Observe well, before you touch your paper, where the line is to begin, what direc- tion it is to take, and where to terminate. When you can achieve this, with ease and accuracy, you have made a sure beginning; the importance of which will be felt and better appreciated hereafter, when, any amount of time and patience bestowed, in making yourself master of the principles and practice of these primary lessons, will not be regretted. 6. in your next effort, you have no longer to trace the ruled lines, but, t.o trust your eye and band in drawing a line, as nearly as possible, in the middle A difficulty will be felt, at first, in drawing continuous lines, of great length; as you will find
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