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Chapman, J.G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889. / The American drawing-book: a manual for the amateur, and basis of study for the professional artist: especially adapted to the use of public and private schools, as well as home instruction.
(1870 [1873 printing])

Contents,   pp. [unnumbered]-viii

Page vi

```                                      CONTENT S.
CHAPTER IV.
RUDIMENTS OF DRAWING.
99 to 102. Of Method, or Manner. - 103. Sketches. -
104, 105. Not suitable Subjects of Imitation for Be-
ginners. - 106, 107. Trees and Foliage. - 108. Any
Writing-Master may be an efficient Teacher of Draw-
ing.- 109. Of Penmanship.- 110.   Drawing and
Writing should be taught together. -112. A Progres-
sive Course 9f Study most advantageous. - 113. Per-
sonal Exertion on the Part of the Learner requisite
for Success.- 114.  Inexpediency of Coertion.-
115. Privileges and Enjoyments of the Art-Student. -
116. Conclusion of the Subject of Primary Instruction
in Drawing..............................PAGE
91
CHAPTER             V.
THE ELEMENTS OF GEOMETRY.
The Relation of Geometry to Perspective. - Definitions:
1. A Point. -2. A Line. - 3. A Straight or Right
Line. - 4. A Curved or Crooked Line. - 5. A Circle.
6. A Radius. - 7. Circumference of a Circle. - 8. Its
Divisions. - 9. Angles. - 10.   Horizontal Lines. -
11. Verticals. - 12. Triangles. - 13. The Square. -
14. Rectangles. - 15. Polygons. - 16. An Ellipse.-
17. Tangents. -18. To draw Parallel Lines. -19 to
22. Perpendiculars, etc. - 23. Triangles. - 24. A
Square. - 25. Parallelograms. - 26. To find the Cen-
tre of a Circle, etc. - 27, 28. To draw Tangents. -
29. To draw within a Circle an Equilateral Triangle,
Hexagon, etc. - 30. Like Figures without the Circle.
31. To draw a Square within a Circle. - 32. A Pen-
tagon. - 33. An Ellipse. - 34, 35, 36. Importance of
Ability to do without Instruments.................113
CHAPTER              VI.
PERSPECTIVE.
37. Perspective, a Science and an Art~ - 38. Aerial and
Linear. - 39. Importance of proper Practical Direc-
tion in its Study. - 40. The Point of Sight. - 41, 42.
Line of the Horizon - Base-Line - Distance, etc. -
43. Elementary Principles. - 44. Their further Illus-
tration. - 45. Frequent Error in Relation to the Point
of Sight, etc. - 46, 47. Practical Exemplification in
Relation to the Line of the Horizon and Point of
Sight. - 48. Parallel and Oblique Perspective. - 49.
Geometrical Illustration of Principles. - 50. To place
a Square in Perspective. -51, 52. A Cube, etc. -53,
54. Further Exemplification of the Practical Service
of the Square, and (55 to 62) of Rules and Principles.
- 63, 64, 65. Of the Point of Distance. - 66, 67, 68.
Method for working Points of Distance, etc., which
are beyond the Limits of the Picture. - 69, 70. Im-
portance of a Knowledge of Perspective to Artists. -
71. Geometrical Perspective Drawing. - 72. A Point.
73. A Line. - 74. A Triangle, or Irregular Figure.
- 75. Perpendicular Line or Figure. - 76. A Circle,
Cylinder, Cone, etc. - 77, 78. Circular Forms, Arches,
etc. - 79. Irregular Curves and Forms. - 80, 81.
Doors, etc. - 82, 83. Planes and Figures which are
neither Horizontal nor Perpendicular. - 8'I, 85. Gen-
eral Observations on Principles involved in the Practi-
cal Application of the Rules of Perspective. - 86 to
89. To draw Steps, etc., perspectively. - 90. Shad-
ows. - 91. Reflected Objects, etc............AGE 125
CHAPTER VII.
OF STUDYING AND SKETCHING FROM NATURE.
1. The Difference considered.-2, 3. Aptness in Sketch-
ing not to be too much relied upon. -4. Value of Ca-
pacity for Sketching. - 5.  Not to be acquired by
Copying Sketches. - 6. Of Finishing Drawings. -8.
Of the Importance of Education of the Eye. - 10. A
Love for it essential to Success in Art. - 11. Genius
often over-estimated. - 14. Drawing. - 15.  Fault-
Finding should not be indulged in too freely by Begin-
ners. - 16. Their too commonly injudicious Hurry.-
17. Difficulties about their Models, Materials, etc. -
19. Study and Attention to Minutia not injurious. -
20. An advisable Course of Study. - 21. Drawing-
Materials, etc.-The Pen-Pencil- Crayons - Wa-
ter-Colors - French-Boards, etc. - Drawing-Boards
-to stretch Paper - Cartoons, etc. - 23, 24, 25. Of
the Practical Use of the Skeleton in Sketching. - 26.
Of Outline, etc. - Artists' Sketches. - 27. Sketching
by Masses. - 28, 29, 80. Of Tinted Paper, Grounds,

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