Chapman, J.G. (John Gadsby), 1808-1889. / The American drawing-book: a manual for the amateur, and basis of study for the professional artist: especially adapted to the use of public and private schools, as well as home instruction.
(1870 [1873 printing])
Contents, pp. [unnumbered]-viii
CONTENT S. CHAPTER IV. RUDIMENTS OF DRAWING. 99 to 102. Of Method, or Manner. - 103. Sketches. - 104, 105. Not suitable Subjects of Imitation for Be- ginners. - 106, 107. Trees and Foliage. - 108. Any Writing-Master may be an efficient Teacher of Draw- ing.- 109. Of Penmanship.- 110. Drawing and Writing should be taught together. -112. A Progres- sive Course 9f Study most advantageous. - 113. Per- sonal Exertion on the Part of the Learner requisite for Success.- 114. Inexpediency of Coertion.- 115. Privileges and Enjoyments of the Art-Student. - 116. Conclusion of the Subject of Primary Instruction in Drawing..............................PAGE 91 CHAPTER V. THE ELEMENTS OF GEOMETRY. The Relation of Geometry to Perspective. - Definitions: 1. A Point. -2. A Line. - 3. A Straight or Right Line. - 4. A Curved or Crooked Line. - 5. A Circle. 6. A Radius. - 7. Circumference of a Circle. - 8. Its Divisions. - 9. Angles. - 10. Horizontal Lines. - 11. Verticals. - 12. Triangles. - 13. The Square. - 14. Rectangles. - 15. Polygons. - 16. An Ellipse.- 17. Tangents. -18. To draw Parallel Lines. -19 to 22. Perpendiculars, etc. - 23. Triangles. - 24. A Square. - 25. Parallelograms. - 26. To find the Cen- tre of a Circle, etc. - 27, 28. To draw Tangents. - 29. To draw within a Circle an Equilateral Triangle, Hexagon, etc. - 30. Like Figures without the Circle. 31. To draw a Square within a Circle. - 32. A Pen- tagon. - 33. An Ellipse. - 34, 35, 36. Importance of Ability to do without Instruments.................113 CHAPTER VI. PERSPECTIVE. 37. Perspective, a Science and an Art~ - 38. Aerial and Linear. - 39. Importance of proper Practical Direc- tion in its Study. - 40. The Point of Sight. - 41, 42. Line of the Horizon - Base-Line - Distance, etc. - 43. Elementary Principles. - 44. Their further Illus- tration. - 45. Frequent Error in Relation to the Point of Sight, etc. - 46, 47. Practical Exemplification in Relation to the Line of the Horizon and Point of Sight. - 48. Parallel and Oblique Perspective. - 49. Geometrical Illustration of Principles. - 50. To place a Square in Perspective. -51, 52. A Cube, etc. -53, 54. Further Exemplification of the Practical Service of the Square, and (55 to 62) of Rules and Principles. - 63, 64, 65. Of the Point of Distance. - 66, 67, 68. Method for working Points of Distance, etc., which are beyond the Limits of the Picture. - 69, 70. Im- portance of a Knowledge of Perspective to Artists. - 71. Geometrical Perspective Drawing. - 72. A Point. 73. A Line. - 74. A Triangle, or Irregular Figure. - 75. Perpendicular Line or Figure. - 76. A Circle, Cylinder, Cone, etc. - 77, 78. Circular Forms, Arches, etc. - 79. Irregular Curves and Forms. - 80, 81. Doors, etc. - 82, 83. Planes and Figures which are neither Horizontal nor Perpendicular. - 8'I, 85. Gen- eral Observations on Principles involved in the Practi- cal Application of the Rules of Perspective. - 86 to 89. To draw Steps, etc., perspectively. - 90. Shad- ows. - 91. Reflected Objects, etc............AGE 125 CHAPTER VII. OF STUDYING AND SKETCHING FROM NATURE. 1. The Difference considered.-2, 3. Aptness in Sketch- ing not to be too much relied upon. -4. Value of Ca- pacity for Sketching. - 5. Not to be acquired by Copying Sketches. - 6. Of Finishing Drawings. -8. Of the Importance of Education of the Eye. - 10. A Love for it essential to Success in Art. - 11. Genius often over-estimated. - 14. Drawing. - 15. Fault- Finding should not be indulged in too freely by Begin- ners. - 16. Their too commonly injudicious Hurry.- 17. Difficulties about their Models, Materials, etc. - 19. Study and Attention to Minutia not injurious. - 20. An advisable Course of Study. - 21. Drawing- Materials, etc.-The Pen-Pencil- Crayons - Wa- ter-Colors - French-Boards, etc. - Drawing-Boards -to stretch Paper - Cartoons, etc. - 23, 24, 25. Of the Practical Use of the Skeleton in Sketching. - 26. Of Outline, etc. - Artists' Sketches. - 27. Sketching by Masses. - 28, 29, 80. Of Tinted Paper, Grounds,
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