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Studer, Jacob Henry, 1840-1904. / Birds of North America
(1903)

Plate CXIX. Baird's sandpiper. (Tringa bairdii.),   pp. 181-182


Page 182


CORMORANTS-BRANT-GANNET-SCOOTER-WIDGEON-DUCKS-TERN.
White-tufted Cormorant. (Graculus cincinnatus.)
Fig. 6.
Florida Cormorant. (Graculus dilophus, var.foridanus.)
Fig. 7.
Cormorants are species of birds whose habits are all very much
alike. As their name indicates, their voracity is seemingly im-
possible to satisfy; they will eat as much and as long as they can,
and immediately attack other food that may happen to come within
their reach. They are represented in all parts of the world,
living in the sea, where they occupy some rocky island, or in
fresh water marshes, or in lakes and rivers, only casually visiting
the sea-coast, and seldom the interior. Their food is principally
of fish, which is obtained by diving. Their flight is much better
than one would suppose from their appearance. They also walk
tolerably well on level ground.
The Mexican Cormorant inhabits Mexico, Southern United
States up the Mississippi Valley to Illinois.
Pallas' Cormorant is a species of the North Pacific coast.
The Red-faced Cormorant, a resident of Alaska.
The White-tufted Cormorant, same residence as last.
The Florida Cormorant is a variety of the Double-crested Cor-
morant, represented on Plate XIII, fig. 2, page 14. It is met in
the Florida and Gulf coast.
Black Brant. (Branta bernicla, var. nigricans.)
Fig. &
This variety of the typical species, represented on Plate
LXXXIII, fig. I, page 127, is very abundant on the Pacific coast,
and is also met, but not so numerously on the Atlantic coast;
their habits are about the same.
Booby Gannet. (Sula flter.)
Fig. 9.
This species is very abundant on the coasts of our South Atlantic
and Gulf States. Their nest is built in low trees or bushes; their
food and mode of obtaining it, as well as other habits, are similar
to the common species represented on Plate LXIX, fig. I, page 98.
Trowbridge's Soooter; Long-billed Scooter. (Aedemia perspicidliata,
var. trowbridgei.)
Fig. zo.
This variety of the typical species, represented on Plate LXV,
fig. 4, page 96, is a winter visitor to the coast of California.
European Widgeon. (Mareca penelope.)
Fig. Ix.
Specimens of this European bird are frequently shot along the
Atlantic coast, from Greenland to Florida and to California. There
is quite a similarity in the characteristics and habits of this species
and the American Widgeon or Bald-pate, represented on Plate
LXII, fig. I, page 88.
St. Domingo Duck. (Erismatura dominica.)
Fig. 12.
This is a South America and West India species, of which a few
only have been obtained, which are supposed to be stragglers. The
close, harsh plumage of this bird is readily distinguished by the
peculiarity of its coloring from that of all other Ducks.
Labrador Sand-shoal, or Pied Duck. (Camnptoleamus labradorius.)
Fig. 13.
This most rare species has for its habitat the northeastern coast
of North America, occasionally it reaches the shores of New Jersey,
where it is called by sportsmen the Sand-shoal Duck, from its habit
of frequenting sand-bars in quest of minute shell-fish, which con-
stitute its principal food, and which it procures by diving like other
Sea Ducks.
Paoifio Eider. (Somateria V. nigra.)
Fig. 14.
A common species of the Arctic and North Pacific coast, which
is similar in all appearances, except the V-shaped black mark on
the chin, to the Eider Duck, represented on Plate LXV, fig. I,
page 93.
Florida Dusky Duck. (Anas obscurus, var. fulvigula.
Fig. zS.
This is a variety of the Dusky Duck, represented on Plate
LVIII, fig. 3, page 85. It is a resident of Florida.
Elegant Torn. (Sterna galericulata.)
Fig. z6.
This elegant species is a resident along the Pacific coast, from
Peru to California. Its habits are very similar to other Terns.
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