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The craftsman
Volume XXXI, Number 3 (December 1916)

Stoneking, J. B.
Road improvement in America (cont.),   p. 288 PDF (466.2 KB)

Page 288

was musing the fire burned" inscribed in the
face of their fireplace. This is sometimes
done by cutting with a chisel, if the mantel
be of stone, raking it out with a stick if it
be of concrete, or by painting if the mantel
be of wood. Of course, the idea of such
inscriptions is to stimulate the fancy or turn
            (Continued on page 286.)
heated and thoroughly mixed with asphaltic
cement, is spread on and rolled while hot.
A thin dusting of sand or stone screenings
is spread on top to keep the surface from
running and becoming sticky. Often a con-
crete sub-base is used with the surface left
rough purposely to prevent the creeping of
the surface course. This type of road has
a certain "springiness" which saves the
horses' hoofs from too much jarring, it is
easily repaired, the surface is not easily
abraded, but it has the disadvantage of dis--
integrating after a length of time, due to
the presence of a certain amount of volatile
   Brick, paving stone and wooden block
pavements all require a good, substantial,
country estates built along utudor lines,
which seem as much at home on our lovely
hills as in English valleys. All these Amer-
ican tile are as perfectly made and beauti-
fully colored as any imported directly from
the Old World. We have here suggested a
few good ways for their use.
smooth-surfaced foundation, preferably of
concrete, to insure permanency. Concrete,
while having been used extensively for
foundations, has not been used very much
for the wearing surface until late years. It
has the disadvantage of being unyielding,
scaling or spawling under blows, very hard
on horses' hoofs, and it is difficult to secure
good bonding between repairs and the older
  The cost of roads varies with so many
factors in different localities that an aver-
age figure means very little. However, a
few average contract prices per square yard
obtained from different sources are as fol-
lows:   Macadam, 90 cents; stone paving,
$2.73; brick paving, $1.95; wood block,
$2.82: bitulithic, $2.25; asphaltic, $1.91, and
petrolithic, or oiled roads (figures from Cal-
ifornia only), 36 cents.

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