Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Sketches and hints on landscape gardening : collected from designs and observations now in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally made : the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the art of laying out ground
[Concerning proper situations for an [a] house. cont.], pp. 27-28
27 exist in places proper for an house in every other respect, it is sometimes possible for art to supply what nature seems to have denied: but it is not possible in all cases; a circumstance which proves 'the absurdity of those architects who design and plan an house, without any previous knowledge of 'the situation or shape of the ground on which it is to be built.-Such errors I have had too fre- 'quent occasion to observe. I When the shape is naturally either concave, or perfectly flat, the house would not be habitable, unless the ground sloped sufficiently to throw the water from it: this is often effected, in a slight degree, merely by the earth that is dug from the cellars and foundations: but if, instead of sinking the cellars, they were to be built upon the level of the ground, they may afterwards be so covered with earth, as to give all the appearance of a natural knoll, the ground falling from the house to any distance where it may best unite with the natural shape, as shown at E, F, and G: or, as it fre- quently happens that there may be small hillocks, H and I, near the house, one of them may be removed to effect this purpose.* This expedient can also be used in an inclined plane, falling towards the house, where the inclination is not very great, as shown at L; but it may be observed of the inclined plane, that the size of the house must be governed in some measure by the fall of the ground; since it is evident, that although an house of an hundred feet deep might stand at K, yet it would require an artificial terrace on that side; because neither of the dotted lines shown there would con- nect with the natural shape; and where the ground cannot be made to look natural, it is better at all * As at Donington, a seat of Earl Moira, where the house forms a quadrangle, inclosing an inner court, a whole story lower than appears externally.
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