Papworth, John Buonarotti, 1775-1847. / Hints on ornamental gardening : consisting of a series of designs for garden buildings, useful and decorative gates, fences, railroads, &c. : accompanied by observations on the principles and theory of rural improvement, interspersed with occasional remarks on rural architecture
A poultry house, pp. 89-90 ff.
A POULTRY HOUSE. PLATE XVI. A POULTRY HOUSE. EVERY office building belonging to a dwelling may be made subservient to the embellishment of the grounds, and to such end the design of a poultry house is introduced. It may be placed in some secluded nook of the plantation, and an ornamental elevation presented to the walks, which are here made to pass near the margin of the water, and strong wire fences would confine the poultry, except such water-fowl as might be permitted to embellish it, restraining them from wandering, by a light surrounding fence. This building should have its chief aspect toward the morning sun, that the inclosures may be divested of their damps at an early hour, and afford to the poultry the benefit of its rays- it must be amply screened from the cold and prevailing winds, and so judiciously sheltered by trees, that at all times of the hottest day some parts may be in shade, and if possible, a rill of water should be conveyed through the enclosures. The floor is best formed of sand or fine gravel, and it must not be forgotten that cleanliness and free ventilation are essential to success in the management of poultry. A small grass paddock should be situated in the rear into which the fowls may be occa- sionally admitted. It is proper to keep the roosting places separate from the nest rooms, for the laying fowls seek concealment for their nests, and are readily disturbed by the intrusion and noises of their companions. N 89
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