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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / Gleanings of natural history : exhibiting figures of quadrupeds, birds, insects, etc. most of which have not, till now, been either figured or described
Part II (1760)

Chap. LXXI. Pla. 281. Four curious beaks of birds but little known; Quatre becs d'oiseaux peu connus,   pp. 150-153


Page 150

( 150 )
C H A P. LXXI. P L A. 28I.
Four curious BEAKS of BIRDS but
little known.
TFIESE Beaks or Bills are all of them of
a very uncommon make. The upper
figure marked A is of the fize of life; the
outer three figures B, C, and D, are reduced
to half the meafure of life, which reduc-
tion brings them to only one eighth part of
their natural bignefs.
The Bill marked A is as broad as it is
high about the angles of the mouth; but
it very fuddenly becomes compreffed fide-
ways, and at its point is very thin, the
lower mandible efpecially, which being
laid on writing, one may read the writing
through it: it is edged both ways, and pli-
able like a painter's knife: the upper man-
dible is fhorter than the lower, and hath a
fmall groove in it, which receives it as the
handle of a clafp knife doth the blade : it
was all of a light horn colour. This whole
Bird is figured and delcribed by Cateiby:
fee his Nat. Hiuf. of Carolina, vol. 1. pa. 90,
where he calls it Laruw major rolro ine'quali;
in Englillf, Cut-watcr; in French, Le CGou-
peur d'eau. His Bird is black on the upper
fide, and white beneath: the legs and feet
red ; the bill alb rted next the head, and
black at the point. Petiver has alfo given a
figure of the Bill of this Bird; fee his
Gazophyl. plate LXXVI. fig. 2. He fays
nothing of it, except giving it the name of
AoVis Carol. rojro cultrjfrmi, the Carolina
Razor-bill ; fee his Catalogue, 541.  It is
the fitme with a Bird called by Ray the
Mal idras Sea-crow; fec his S) nopfis Avium,
Pa- 1 94, tab. I- fig- S
Quatre BECS d'OIsEAUX PClt
connus.
CE S Becs font tous d'une figure fort ex-
t traordinaire: celui d'en haut marque' A,
ci? reprefente au/i grand que le naturel; les
trois autres B, C, et D,font re'duits a la moitie'
de leurs dimeilions propres, ce qui les ameine
' la lhitiezme partie de leur grco/,Teur naturelle.
Le Bec marque A ef auij large qu'il ejl
haut, vers les angles de l'ori~fce; mais il fJ
retrecit oufe comprime de cote' tout d'un coup,
et devient tres mince a l'extre'mitei: la mnd-
choire inferieure en particulier, l'eJI a tel
point qu'elle eji trafparante, et qu'e'tant cou-
clM6e fir de l'tcriture, on peut lire autravers:
ellc eif coupante des deux cote's, et pliante comme
uan couteau de peintre: la maichoire fupirieure
eJI p/us courte que l'ijclbrieure, ayant une pe-
tite rainure, oii celle-la s'irje're, comme la
lame d'un couteau pliant s'introduit dans le
mancle: ce Bec f/I par tout d'un cculcur de
corne clair.  L'Olfeau entier a 'te' d.'crit par
CateJby, fous le nom de I,arus major roftro
inxquali, qu'on a rcndu en Franfois par
le Ocupur d'eau *.     C'et OUJau tel gu'il P'a-
depueint eJI noir Jtir le dos, et blancjiir le ven-
tre: Ps jambes et fis patles fint rouges : fin
tec ej de cette nse8Ae coulur {, la ba/e, et noir
a la pointe. Petivter a auzji donent la figure
dui bec de cet Oifeanu tj. Il n'en dit rien, Ji non
qu'il Ie nomme Avis Carol. roftro cultrifoi ii,
cel-a-d}i;e, QfOiau de la Caroline au btc en
formederajoir    . C'o le I emie que l'OJeau ap-
pelle par Ray, la Corneille de n1'er de Madras j.
* Hiff. de la Caroline, &c. torn. . pa. go.
t Petiver Gazoph. pl. LXXX 1. fig 2.
+ Voi fon Cata!ogue, 54i,
1I Ray Synopfis Avium, pa. '94, pI. fig. 5.


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