Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds, the most of which have not hitherto been figured or described, and the rest, by reason of obscure, or too brief descriptions, without figures, or of figures very ill design'd, are hitherto but little known
The great black duck from Hudson's-Bay, pp. 155-[Plate] 155 ff.
( '55 ) The Great Black D U C K from Hudfon's-Bay. T H I S Bird is large for the Duck-kind, appearing to me to be bigger than the lT common Wild Duck or Mallard. I have taken fome of its principal Mea- fures, which are as follow: The Bill from its Point to the Angles of the Mouth is two Inches and an Half long, and fomething deeper from its Point to the Bafe of the upper Mandible, where it proje~as fartheft into the Head; the Wing when clofed is nine Inches long; the Leg below Knee, is near two Inches long, the middle Toe two and a Half. The Bill is compreffed horizontally toward its Point; its Bafe is as deep as wide; it is indented on its Edges, of a pale Orange-Colour, except in its Middle about the Noftrils, where it is Red, or of a deep Orange. In the broad Part of the upper Mandi- ble, next the Head, there is on each Side a large fquarifl black Spot, which rifes a little from the Bill, and feems as if it was fomething fluck on. The Bill itfelf in thefe Parts alfo is protuberant. From Eye to Eye on the Crown of the Head extends a white Spot in the Form of a Triangle, its two bluntifl Points falling on the upper Part of the Eyes, andi the (harper point toward the Bill, but not quite to it, thete being black Feathers between them. On the Hinder-part of the Neck, juft below the Head, is another longifh triangular Spot, having its narrowell Side next the Head, and its acuteft Angle pointing downward toward the Back. Except thefe two white Spots the whole Plumage of the Bird is Black, without any Glofs re- fleding other Colours; the Infides of the Wing and the under Side of the Tail are not fo Black as they are above, being of a dark Afi-Colour; the Legs and Toes are of a bright-red Colour ; the three forward Toes are webbed together, and the inner Toe hath a Web or Fin on its Infide ; the hinder Toe hath alfo a fmall Fin ; the Webs of the Toes and the Claws are of a dufky Colour. The Native Place of this Bird is above declared ; it was brought over by MTr. JlJZ'aiz. It, as well as the laft described, is very remarkable for the Structure of its Bill. My Friend, Mr. Heni-y Baker, F. R. S. hath a Bill of this Bird in his Col- ledion, which agrees exativ with the above. I believe this Bird hath never been def- cribed, but I cannot 1ry fo in refp ect to its Figuring ; becaufe I think I have difuovered a Draught of it, in a 1rlhnlll Set of Dutch Prints of Birds, (Iublifhed at Am/ferdain by Nicola Vicher, Anno 0 6 y, where it is called Tzarnza Af w) Whofe Marks and Malke of the Bill arece with D imne. I irnmaine it might be brought to themn froimn Da-nuis's Strei ghts, to which Place the ie/hianders have long traded. Perhaps their Bigne(ys, and appearing, in fnmall Mock, have procured thenm the above Name. The
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