Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds, the most of which have not hitherto been figured or described, and the rest, by reason of obscure, or too brief descriptions, without figures, or of figures very ill design'd, are hitherto but little known
The turn-stone from Hudson's-Bay, pp. 141-[Plate] 141 ff.
( '4I ) the T u R N-S T o N E from Hudfon's-Bay. rj-r H E Bird is here figured of its natural Bignefs. Its Bi1l is fIraight and fharp I pointed, arched rather on the under Side than the upper, the better to enable it to turn Stones and Clods from it, in order to feed on Worms and Infects that lie un- der them on the Sea-Shores. The Bill is Black, except the Bafe of the lower Mandible which is Flefh-co- lour'd; the Head is White pyed with Black, in the following manner; a black Line or Bar paffes over the Forehead from Eye to Eye, and proceeding to the Fore-parts of the Eyes forms a pretty large black Spot under each Eye, which Spots are joined by Lines to the Angles of the Mouth. Other black Lines proceed from thefe Spots down the Sides of the Throat, and join there to a black Collar which encompaffes the Neck behind, and covers the Breaft pretty deep before, and paffes on the Sides under the Shoulders or joints of the Wings; there are alfo fome longifh black Spots on the Crown and Hinder-part of the Head, tending downwards; the lower Part of the Neck beneath the Black Collar is White ; the Back is cover'd with Orange-co- lour'd Feathers, which are Black or Dufky in their Middles, fo as to make an agreea- ble Mixture of Black and Orange. The lower Part of the Back is White, below which is a Half-Moon-like Plat of Black Feathers; beyond thefe the Covert-Fea- thers on the upper Side of the Tail are White; the Tail is Black, but all the Fea- thers of it are tipped with White. The firif or outermoft of the Prime Quills are Black with White Shafts; the next following are Black with White Tips: the fuc- ceeding almoft White: Thofe that fall over the Back or Rump are Orange and Black, like the Back, tranfverfly marked with the Black; the firft Row of Covert-Feathers change their Colours, according to the Quills they cover, being of the fame Colours with the Quills; the leffer Covert-Feathers of the Wings are of a light brownifli Afh-Colour, with fome White intermixed on the Verge that falls on the black Part of the Breaft. Between the Back and Wing is placed a longifl Plat of White Fea- thers; the Covert-Feathers within Side of the Wings are White; the Belly, Sides, Thighs and Covert-Feathers under the Tail are White; the Legs and Feet are of a bright Orange-Colour; the Claws are Black; the Legs are bare of Feathers a little above the Knecs. This Bird was brought from Hudfon's-Bay by Mr. Ifha!n. Mr. CateJ/y has def- cribed one of this Species from the Coaft of florida: See his Hiftory of Carolina, 'Vol. I. P. 72. The Turn-Stone is alfo found on the Weflern Coafts of Enland. Sec its Defcription in Yil/ughaby, P. 3 i I. but as 1Tillg&,hb's and Catejby's differ from each ilther, and mine widely from them both, I believe them to be three diftin!t Sptcies; the above defcrib'd, at leaft from its great difference, I mufi pronounce a Non- defeript. It agrees very nearly in Size, Shape of Body and Parts with the Turn- Stone found with us, but differs very great'y in Colour. 2 The
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