Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds, most of which have not been figured or described, and others very little known, from obscure or too brief descriptions without figures, or from figures very ill designed
The painted pheasant from China, pp. 68-[Plate] 68 ff.
( 68 ) The PAINTED PHE'ASANT from China. T H I S Bird is rather fmaller than our Engli/h Pheafant, fhaped pretty much like it, but the Tail I think is longer in Proportion, the middle Feather being 23 Inches long. It has been already described by A/bin in his Hiflory of Birds, Vol III. P1a. 34. by the Name of the Red Pheafant; but having in it a Mixture of all the gay and gorgeous Colours imaginable, I thought the Name I have given it more proper to it. Mr. A/bin's Figure of this Bird being far wide of a juft and natural Defcription, I (iall endeavour to mend his Faults in mine: He has made its Bill and Head much too large for his Proportion, his Wing too long, and his Tail hardly half long enough, and omitted many Particulars, which I fhall add both in my Figure and Defcription. Its Bill is of a light Yellow Colour, fornething darker towards the Point; the Eyes encircled with a bright Yellow; the Sides of the Head beneath the Eyes of a Flefi Ce- lour, bare, or very thinly fet with Feathers; the Crown of the Head is cover'd with fine bright yellow or gold-colour'd Feathers, which it Sometimes ereds into a Creft, and Sometimes lets fall on the Neck: The upper Part of the Neck is cover'd with Orange-colour'd Feathers, mark'd with tranfverfe Bars of Black; thefe Feathers it can raife as our Dunghill Cocks do their Feathers when they fight: The Bottom of the Neck and the Beginning of the Back are covered with fine dark-green Feathers, which reflect a gold Colour, with black tranfverfe Bars at their Tips; thefe Feathers, as the Bird rpoves, have a different Motion from the other Feathers, falling Sometimes farther over the Back, and flipping from Side to Side: The Remainder of the Back to the Tail is .cover'd with a beautiful golden Yellow, mixed at the fetting on of the Wing, and where the Feathers fall over the Tail, with a few bright fcarlet Feathers: The greateft or prime Quills of the Wings are dufky or black, with yellow brown Spots on their Webs; the middle Quills are of a dull Red, mixed and fpotted with Black : Some of the leffer Qidlls next the Back are of an exceeding fine full Blue Colour; the Infide of all the (~i lls are dufky; all the covert Feathers are of a dull Reddifh Colour, the flrft Row that immediately covers the Q(~ills inclining a little more to Yellow, and have tranfverfe Lines of Black. The under Side of the Bird, from Bill to Tail, is of a very fineRed or ScarletColour; theThighs are of a Clay Colour; the Tail is a Mixture of black and Reddiffh-brown Colour; the two middle Feathers black, fpotted with round and fome irregular Spots of Brown, the Side Feathers obliquely fireaked Black and Brown, as ex- preffed. There fhoots over the great Feather of the Tail fome long narrow fcarlet Fea- thers with yellowish Shafts, which extend to near half the Length of the Tail. I have expreffed the Tail Feathers more loofe and Separated than the Bird generally carries them, in order to fhew how the different Feathers are mark'd: The Legs and Feet are like Ien's Feet, but fomething flenderer, of a Yellow Colour, and hath fhort yellow Spurs, Thefe Birds of late Years are frequently brought from China: I have feen feveyal of them in the Poffeflion of our Nobility, and fome curious Gentlemen, and have been favotyed with one of them newly dead by the Lady of Sir /obn Heat/acote, Bart. which has enabled me to be more exaat in every Particular of my Figure than I could other- wife, or any have hitherto been. Thefe Birds are pretty hardy, and bear our Climate very well; and I believe, were they brought with their Hens, might be bred with a little Care. Sir Hans Sloan: has the Cock nows living, which this Figure represen ts, and I think, if I remember riglht, he has had it about i S Years. 'Ybe
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