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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Wilmington, Delaware,   pp. 474 ff.


Page 474

474       MANUFACTURES OF WILMINGTON, DELAWARE.
MANUFACTURES OF WILMINGTON, DELAWARE.
[Between Philadelphia and Baltimore, about twenty-eight miles from the former
place, is the important manufacturing town of Wilmington, Delaware. We are
informed by Joseph Lea, Esq., of Philadelphia, that there is now in the possession
of Edwin Mitchell, of the same city, a sample of calico which was made in Wil-
mington before 1795, by a French Marquis, and which is a highly creditable spe-
cimen of calico printing. At the present time there are several very important
manufacturing establishments in Wilmington and its vicinity, including Dupont's
Powder-mills, Harlan & Hollingsworth's 'ar-works and ship-yards, Lobdell's car-
wheel works, Betts' Engine and boiler-works, Pennock's Agricultural implement
works, and others.
The following are the Statistics of Manufactures of New Castle County for the year
ending June 1, 1860, the greater part belonging to Wilmington.]
No. of                                                   Value of
Manufactures.             Establish-   Capital      Cost of Raw    Male    Female     Annual
ments.    Invested.      material.    hands.    hands.    Product.
Agricultural Implements..........    7.      38,50o......  20,878 ......  62......  ......   63,571
Axles................................... ....  2......  10,500......  5,855......  17......  ......  15,650
Belts, Nuts, &c....................  1         8.000        20.100 ......  17......  ......   30,650
Bone Dust.................           1......   3,000......   3,950 ......  3......   ......    5,713
Boots and Shoes...........................  42   79.975......  15,853......  223......  64......  196,241
Brass-founding...................    3        12,000......   7,225         7......  ......   10.225
Bread and Crackers.............     4......  19,500......  6,780        26......  4......  80,30
Brick ....................                                  17,650......  210......  ......  73,000
Cabinet Furniture..........      13......  60100......   21,707......  63......  4......   49,347
Cars .i...................................1 ..  50000 ....  54,00 ....   100......  ......   100,000
Car Springs...........................  1 .... 8.000 .....  .    ...    18 ...............24,750
Carriages ...................................  16   204,850   236.2o0......  522......  1......  553,250
Cigorsctonr.................................8  10.000......  20,410......  2......  ......  44,030
Clsthing..........       .....     19......  68,075 ...  100,708 8...    2 ...187 ...     177,340
Cofcinr..........2 ....              11.000        18i,1:0 0...  9...      4         27,4810
Cotton  Goods..............................  11......  682,500......  590,102......  520......  589......  941,703
Drain Tile .............. .........  I1......  8,000         1,625 ..      8 ......  ......      6,300
Fire Brick ......................       ...     4000......   1,500 .        ...............   1,000
Floor and Meal    ..................30.. ,297,03......                   92......   ......  1,5726
Gnpowder         :......................  1 . 00,000 .     358,640 ..    225 .............   600,000
Irose-dho     . Nails................190000... ... 100 2...... 811    3...... ........  12,406
Loop- kirt........... ......................  1  2,00......  806        51......   ......    4,125
ron-founding .........  ...........  1......  312.000     ...... 41.    24......    ......   858,750
Iron, Rolled   m-&.................... .... 10.000......  1125......  85......   ......  12,500
Leather ........................        ...  122,00......  18,019.       2...............  237,080
Leather Hose and Bel1ing......        1 ., 100......        4.1500        1......   ......    5,500
Machinery, Steam-engines, &c ......  5......  237000......  13,0......  325......  ......  348,500
Machinists Tools .................   1        30,8         7,109        22 ......  ......   22,142
M alt   Groun.... ......................  2......  7,000......  11,50 ......  6......  ......  1 ,000
Masts and Spars .............  3.....1         1,00          2,000 ..      .......  ...... 1.. 4.17
Metallic Kegs.......................1    .    5.000        8,000        12*............     19,000
Morocco ............................  7  160.000 ...   320,0t;2...   204 ...   32 ...     61.850
Paper ............  .................. 2      32. 2 5..,,.  ...... 2804000......     ....27   48.000
Patent Leather ........ ........... 1 4......  95000......  1118.....40   100......  .......  190,750
Plaster, iround..2..................2          4,80          4,45          8 ......0.......    7,U00
Pottery-ware ....................    3 .       7,00          2,615       12 ......1........    2,187
Quercitron Bark .....................1 ...    2,000 ...     4,800         2........  ......  8,100
Sale..................................1 ...  1,000 ...    4.130 ..  .... 3......   ......   86,530
Saddlery and Ilarnes..............7 ...    32,225 ...    22,078    4.....  0......  ......  48,245
Sashes. Doors, and Blinds..........   ......   4    ......    ,           27......   ......   29,418
Sewing-machines ..................    I 10000 2875                      15......  ...... 15,000
Ship-building ....................   8 .... 6...  295.500 .... 527.300 ...  558.......  ......  574,850
Ship-smithing........................  3 .... 6.000 ...     5.,00    1.....  2......  ......  13,925
Shirtn.............................. I......  2.000 ...    1,2951 ....   I...     8 ...      4,250
Snuff...............................-  2 ...  25,05        1100   1...... i~o ..  2......  ......  47.200
Soap and Candles..................1  ...   25.010 ...    21.71)   S..... 8......  ......  41,100
Spokes and Felloes ................1  I...  18,(00...    7.000    1.....  4......  ......  12,000
Spices, Ground     ....................1       0000         440000 .       8     .  2          0.000
Stonge and Marble-cutting ..........3 .       17700         14,755        18......  ......25.90
Tin, Sheet-iron, and Copper-ware..  10 ....   49,100 ....   40,01;9       85.. 1...............79,795
Turning..............................  3 .... 3,500 ...     9, 810   1.....  2......  ... ...  18,08
Wool-carding.......     ....... 2......      1,000         31(00 3.... 3......     ......   3,800
Woolen Goods............... .:........4 ...  117,000..  75,807 ...   78 ...   38 ...    153,035
Total, including Miscell's 'Mann- -          -____    -____        -           -
factures, not above specified.  380   $4,882,472    $5,513,068    4,800       948     $8.583,440
Aggreg. of Stateeoffelawarein18O, 811    $5,452,887   $6.028,018     6,46     958     $9,892,002
"6       64        "  1850, 531     $2,978,945   $2,864,607      3,237     651     $1,849,206


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