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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Springfield,   pp. 333-336

Page 333

,ure, and propose to add to their Cotton machinery fifty-two thousand
JESSE EDDY & SON are the owners of the Wamsutta Steam Mill,
2mployed in manufacturing a superior grade of Fancy Cassimeres. It
was built in 1849, with eight sets of machinery. Capital $150,000.
The FALL RIVER IRON-WORKS COMPANY was organized in 1821, with
a capital of $24,000, and commenced the manufacture of Iron in Febru-
ary, 1822, with one set of Rolls for making Nail Plates, and twelve
machines for Cutting Nails. Their production of Iron and Nails at
that time was about five hundred tons per annum. They have gradu-
ally increased their operations until they have, in 1866, eight sets of Rolls
and one hundred and five Nail Machines, producing four thousand five
hundred tons of Hoop, Bar, and Wire Iron, and one hundred thou-
sand casks of Nails, of one hundred pounds each, equal to five thousand
They also have a Foundry producing eighteen hundred tons Castings
per annum for machinery purposes, and a Machine Shop and Boiler
Shop, for building and repairing Machinery. In 1845, they built the
Metacomet Cotton-mill, with 21,600 spindles; and a Gas Works,
which supplies the Mills, stores, and private dwellings with Gas.
The capital employed by the Corporation at the present time is about
one million of dollars. RICHARD BORDEN, Esq., one of its originators,
is Treasurer and General Manager of the Company.
Besides these, Fall River has three important Machine Shops : those
IIAWEs & Co. ; the Flour Mills of CITACE & NASON, DAVID 11. BRAY-
TON & Co., D. BROWN & SON; the Twine and Stocking Manufactory
of E. M. SWART & Co., and other manufactories of some importance.
SPRINGFIELD, according to the last Census returns, had 37 Manufac-
turing Establishments, with a capital of $1,074,000, that employed 1,100
male and 637 female hands, and yielded products valued at $2,065,594
This was exclusive of the Arms manufactured at the Government
Armory located here, which is one of the most important arsenals of
construction in the United States.
The establishment that employed more hands and produced.a larger

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