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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Lynn,   pp. 318-319

Page 318

are made by Battles & Crombie, Loom Harnesses and Reeds by Edward
Page & Co. and Spalding & Co., and Card Clothing and Cards, very
extensively, by Stedman & Fuller and Warren & Robinson. Leather
Board from pulverized leather scraps is made by Willard B. Hayden &
Co., Wool Hats by Desmond Brothers, Files by Frederick Butler, and
Sash, Doors and Blinds by Williams & Berry.
The principal industry of Lynn, it is hardly necessary to say, is the
manufacture of Ladies' Shoes. The business was commenced here be-
fore the Revolutionary War, and though other towns have embarked in
it extensively, Lynn still maintains its supremacy as the principal seat
of the manufacture. The total value of all the manufacturing pursuits
of Lynn was in 1860 $5,736,043, the whole of which, with the exception
of about one hundred thousand dollars, is to be credited to the Shoe
trade. There were 136 Boot and Shoe manufacturers, who bad a capital
invested of $1,039,100, employed 5,767 males, 2,862 females, and pro-
duced about 6,000,000 pair of Shoes, worth $4,867,375. Besides these,
there were 19 Morocco establishments, 6 Last manufactories, 3 manu-
factories of Shoe Tools, 4 of Boxes, and 1 of Leather-Cutting Machines,
making a total of 169 establishments directly or indirectly connected
with the Shoe trade. The minor manufactures of Lynn were of Glue,
Beer, Iron Railing, Lightning Rods, Tin and Sheet-iron Ware, Cigars,
Soap, and Stove Polish.
In Haverhill, a town in the same County, there were 103 manufactur-
ing establishments, that had a capital of $996,000, employed 5,667
males and 1,158 females, and produced a value, mostly in Shoes, of
$4,811,550. The towns of Danvers, Woburn, Randolph, Reading and
Abington, are also largely engaged in this trade.
The methods of manufacturing pursued in these towns is largely of a
domestic character, though of late years it partakes of the essential
features of a well-regulated factory system. The warehouses of those
who manufacture largely generally contain a Counting room, a Sole
Leather room, an Upper Stock room, two Cutting rooms (one for the
upper leather and one for the soles), the Bound Shoe room, the Trim-
ming room, and the Sales and Packing room. Sometimes a Last room,
and others of less importance, are provided. The first operation is to
cut out the various portions of the Boots and Shoes according to sizes

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