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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Lowell,   pp. 313-315

Page 313

LOWELL, twenty-six miles northwest of Boston, has been called, not
inappropriately, the " Manchester of America." The history of the
first purchases made here in 1821, with a view to the establish ntll of
manufactories, has already been alluded to in this work. In .1tnary,
1866, the city contained a population ,of 36,876 persons, 22 churches,
45 school-houses, 5,324 dwellings, 7 Banks, with an aggregate capital
of $2,350,000, besides 4 Savings Banks having an aggregate deposit of
$4,000,000. The distinguishing characteristic of the city, however, is
its innense Cotton and Woolen Mills, which consume, weekly, over
800,000 pounds of Cotton, and nearly 100,000 pounds of nI.
rations in 1823, has six Mills an( a Print works, a capital stock of
$2,500,000, runs 88,960 spindles, 2,313 looms, employs 1,500 females
and 620 males, and produces 450,000 yards of Prints per week. This
company has been especially successful in the selection of their patterns,
which are distinguished for neatness, comparing, in all respects, favor-
ably with the best made in England. John C. Palfrey is Agent of the
Company, and Henry Burrows is Superintendent of the Print Works.
The HAMILTON MANUFACTURING COMPANY, commenced in 1825, has
5 Mills and a Print Works, a capital of $1,200,000, runs 51,268 spin-
dles, 1,348 looms, and, in 1867, employed 850 females, 425 males, and
produces weekly 235,000 yards of Prints, Flannels, Ticks, Sheetings
and Shirtings. The Prints are all madders, in from one to six colors,
and the weekly produce is about 120,000 yards. 0. II. Moulton is
Agent of the Company, and William Harley Superintendent of the
Print Works.
The LOWELL MANUFACTURING COMPANY has a capital of $2,000,000,
runs 12,500 Worsted and Wool spindles, 2,816 Cotton spindles, 258
power Carpet looms, 174 other looms, employs 1,000 females and 450
males, and produces weekly 35,000 yards Carpets, 13,000 yards Sheet-
ings, and 4,500 yards Stuff goods. The Carpets consist of two and
three-ply ingrain, and are excellent fabrics of their class, both as respects
make and permanence of dye. Samuel Fay is Agent of this Company.
The MIDDLESEX COMPANY has 4 Mills and 3 Dye Houses, employs
a capital of $750,000, runs 16,400 spindles, 250 Broadcloth looms, and
50 narrow, employs 320 females, 452 males, and produces weekly
17,500 Shawls, besides Broadcloth, Doeskins, Cassimeres, etc. This
Company uses annually 1,000,000 teasels, 1,300,000 pounds of fine

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