University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Digital Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture

Page View

Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufacturing centres of New England : Portland, Maine,   pp. 274-275


Page 274

4.1Ianufatuvhti  Qftntrz   of  ?t1Ciu-&ngIAn
PORTLAND, MAINE.
PORTLAND, which is the principal seaport of Maine, and the capital
of Cumberland County, is a manufacturing city of some importance,
though it contains no very remarkable manufacturing establishments.
In 1860 the County of Cumberland had 334 manufactories, whose united
capital was $2,898,263, and who employed 2,699 males, 592 females,
and produced a value of $6,091,924. More than one-half of these
manufactories were located in Portland and the adjoining town of West-
brook, and they produced more than three-fourths of the aggregate
product, or $4,794,520. The principal manufactures were the following:
No. of
Establish-
Manufactures.              ments.
Brick..........  .......................  19......
Boots and shoes.................      32......
Brewing.....................            3.
Boat building.....................      6.
Bindings and linings...........         1.
Cotton goods................            4......
Cabinet furniture.............          2......
Bedsteads ......................      2......
Carpets. .............................  2  .....
Carriages.............................  23......
Clothing.....................           3......
Coffee and spices (ground)..            1......
Distilled liquors............          1.....
Flour and meal...................      23 .....
Gun    powder.................          2 .....
Iron railing.........................   1...
Machinery, engines, etc......           5 ......
Musical instruments..........           4......
Morocco ..............................  2 .....
Mastic rooting ....... ..........       1......
Meats, cured. ....................      3......
Paper......... .......................  2......
Preserved fish......      ..... .....   1......
Pottery ware.....................       4......
Soap and candles .............          3......
Sawed lumber.....................      44......
Sails...................................  7......
Stoves    ................................  1......
Ship building.................           2......
Sash, doors and blinds.........          1......
Sugar refining.....................      1......
Leather. .............................  12...
Woolen goods ..................         2......
Wire........................            3......
Wool cleaning....................       2......
Capital.
$16,618       .....
56,150......
8,420......
5,450......
20,000......
280,000......
16,000......
6,300......
8,000 ......
64,200......
2,200......
4,000......
50,000......
120,250......
216,000.
10,000......
268,600......
33,000......
9,000......
1,400......
52,100......
165,000......
25,000......
5,800......
5,900......
153,600.....
7.500......
30,000......
32.000......
5,000......
400,000......
96,650......
28,000......
40,000......
30,000......
Raw
material.
$20,130......
107,551......
18,887......
3,548......
13,035 ......
236,545.
36,010......
875......
19,910
27,080......
13.100......
15,910......
105,325.
351,851......
120,000.
4,400......
298,400......
5,255......
17,478......
10,195 .....
52,807......
174,600......
30,000......
3,453.
15,292......
87,580.... .
22,811......
12,000......
22,000......
39,100......
1,215,000......
169,945......
60,000......
29,130......
125,000......
Male            Female
hands.           hands.
130......             ......
256.            128......
14......          1......
20......            ......
16......            ......
140......       270......
81......            ......
12......            ......
26.              11.
180......             ......
4  .....      32   .....
4 .             3.
10......            ......
66......          2......
46......            ......
15......            ......
377......             ......
18......            ......
12......            ......
4......           ......
14......            ......
59......         58......
15......          6......
23......            ......
11......            ......
138......             ......
24......            ......
30......            ......
37......            ......
10......            ......
200......             ......
117......            ......
25......        37......
39......            ......
25......          2......
Value of
product.
$53,294
226,781
31,019
14.150
30,000
597,500
78,725
8,420
42,000
149,885
26,200
20,535
147,500
386,733
237,500
31,000
439,300
25,800
42,400
18,000
60,735
305,000
50,000
37,150
28,930
182,380
41.004
40,000
47,000
48,250
1,350,000
255,699
135,500
52,926
146,876
(1) The two largest manufacturing establishments in Portland are the Portland Com-
pany's Locomotive Works, JOHN SPARROW, Superintendent, and the Sugar Refinery of
J. B. BROWN & SoNs.
274


Go up to Top of Page