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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Trenton,   pp. 237-239

Page 237

TRENTON, the capital of the State of New Jersey, had, in 1800, accord-
ing to the Census, 203 manufacturing establishments, with a capital
invested of $2,347,755, and employing 2,388 male and 1,914 female
hands, yielding products valued at $4,243,309. The leading manufac-
tures were Bar Iron, Rails, etc., value $852,694 ; Machinery, Steam
Engines, and Iron Castings, $349,370 ; Paper, $480,000 ; Hosiery,
$461,712; Flour and Meal, $371,676; Cotton Goods, $55,000; Earth-
enware, $100,900 ; Fire Brick, $45,000; Clothing, $127,840; Coffee
and Spices, $110,512; Wire Rope, $70,000; Soap and Candles,
$56,100; Stone Pipe vitrified, $50,000; Marble work, $69,672 ; Cars,
$40,000; Cigars, $64,968 ; Agricultural Implements, $36,850 ; Anvils
and Vises, $38,300 ; Carriage Shafts, etc., $35,000; Cordage, $22,500;
Leather Belting, $24,000; Lumber, sawed, $40,000; Sash, Doors, and
Blinds, $43,120.
Trenton had also manufactories of Boots and Shoes, Brass Cocks,
Brooms, Brushes, Cabinet Ware, Hats, Horse Nails, Knitting Machines,
Preserved Fruit, Saddlery and Harness, Saws, Skins, Tinware, Springs
and Belts, etc.
The most notable of the manufactories in Trenton have been alluded
to elsewhere in this work. For some account of Roebling's Wire
Works, see Article JOHN A. ROEBLINo; and of the American Saw
Company's Works, see Article JAMES E. EMERSON. The Trenton Iron
Company have at South Trenton one of the largest Rolling Mills in
the United States, containing fifty-eight Furnaces in all, and six trains
of rolls, driven by steam, and producing about fourteen thousand tons
of rails and wire annually. The area enclosed under one roof is three
and a half acres, and is said to be the largest single building in the
United States. Here were made the first Wrought-Iron Beams for fire-
proof buildings for the United States government; and at these Works
the Wire was made-a mile of which weighed but half a pound-that
received the Prize Medal at the World's Fair in London. More re-
cently the Company have succeeded in manufacturing Gun-barrel Iron
equal in quality to the foreign, and the market is now fully supplied.
The discovery of the process of making this description of iron is per-
haps of greater value and importance to the country than any other
new manufacture introduced since the commencement of the late Re-
bellion. Locomotive Tires are also successfully made at these Works.
Trenton is now the principal seat of the woollen manufacture in the
State of New Jersey. It is estimated that the capital invested in this

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