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Bishop, J. Leander (John Leander), 1820-1868 / A history of American manufactures from 1608 to 1860 : exhibiting the origin and growth of the principal mechanic arts and manufactures, from the earliest colonial period to the adoption of the Constitution ; and comprising annals of the industry of the United States in machinery, manufactures and useful arts, with a notice of the important inventions, tariffs, and the results of each decennial census
Volume 3 (1868)

Manufactures of Paterson,   pp. 222-236


Page 222

222                      MANUFACTURES OF PATERSON.
MANUFACTURES OF PATERSON.
PATERSON, thirteen miles north from Newark, is the next largest man-
facturing town in New Jersey. It had in 1860, according to the census
returns, 123 manufacturing establishments, with a capital invested
of $3,403,700 ; employed 3,523 males and 1,668 females ; and pro-
duced   a value of $5,939,873.          The princinal manufactures were          as
follows :
No. of
Establish-              Male     Female    Value of
Manufactures.               ments.     Capital.    hands.    hands.   Product.
Bleaching  and  dyeing........................  4   $218,300......  237......  44  .....  $278,690
Carpets.........................     ......  60,500......  60......  75......  9S,800
Coffee  and  spices...............................  1......  40, 000   13......  ......  55,000
Cotton goods........ .................  11......  683,000......  267......  629   874,961
Flax and hemp.................................1  200,000    67      94        140,000
Forging............................................1   110,000  .....  45......  ......  160,000
Hosiery......................................  .....I   250,000 .....  100   70......  290,000
Lam pw ick  ................................ .....   I .... .  40,000  .....  31......  22......  75,600
Locomotives (1)................................3   600,000 .....  1230......  .....  1,380,000
Machinery and steam engines.............8    310,000......  712 .....  ......  539,812
Musquito netting...............................1   40,000   32 .....  55......  90,010
Paper (2)..........................................3   245,000......  98   69......  374,216
Bilk-sewing, etc. (3).........................4  153,000.....  112......  478......  846,500
Soap and Candles..............................2   11,000     8 ......  ......  63,300
Tinw are...........................................  5......  32,200......  47......  ......  01,650
Table  covers, etc...............................  13   23,350......  68.....  6.....  41,318
IVire drawing.........................  2......  3,000 .....  41     17......  63,600
Woolen goods and yarn.....................2   40,000......  33......  12......  100,000
Of the large establishments in Paterson the most noteworthy are the
Locomotive Works, of which there are three, the parent establishment
being
The Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works,
Founded in 1831 by Thomas Rogers, for the purpose of building Cot
ton, Woollen, and Flax Machinery. In the succeeding year he was
joined by Morris Ketchum and Jasper Grosvenor, establishing the
firm of Rogers, Ketchum & Grosvenor, who, in their day, attained
great celebrity as builders of Locomotives and Cotton Machinery.
The first Locomotive built by this firm was the " Sandusky," which
was delivered to the Mad         River and Lake Erie Railroad Company,
October 14, 1837.       During the first year, ending        November 1, 1838,
they built seven Locomotives. In 1839, they built a Locomotive for
the New Jersey Railroad that conveyed with the greatest ease a train
of loaded cars, weighing from one hundred and twenty to one hundred


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