Edwards, John, b. 1742 / A select collection of one hundred plates: consisting of the most beautiful, exotic and British flowers which blow in our English gardens: accurately drawn and coloured from nature, with their botanic characters, and a short account of their cultivation, their uses in medicine, with the Latin and English names
[Cyclamen; The jasmine, or fessamine tree], pp. 48-Plate 96 ff.
4-8 P L A T E XCV. CJdamen. Lin. Gfen Plant. aot. 9ourn. Intl. R. H. 154. Tab. 68. Cyclamen, in Frencb, Pain de Pourceau, K of fKo-, Gr. a Circle, becauf te Root o this is ; it is cal/ed Sow Bread, becauft the Leaf is round ike a LoaJ, and the Soot eat it. Sowread. "Trn Chara&ers are, THE Flower bath a roundilh permanent Empalement of one Leaf, divided into five Parts at the Top A, it hath one Petal with a Globular Tube, B, which is much larger than the Empalement'; the upper Part is divided into five large Segments, C, which are reflexed; it hath five fmall Stamina, fituated within the Tube of the Petal, terminated by acute Summits, which are conne&ed in the Neck of the Tube, D; it hath a rounditih Germen, E, fupporting a flender Style, F, which is longer than the Stamina, and crowned by an acute Stigma, the Germen afterward becomes a globular Fruit with one Cell, opening at five Parts at the Top, inclofing many oval angular Seeds. THIS Genus of Plants is ranged in the firff Se&ioa Linnaus's fif-.h Clafs, entitled PENTANDRIA MoNoGYNIA, the Flower having five Stamina and one Style. THis Species is, CYCLAMEM (purpurafcens) foliis orbiculato-cordatis inferne purpurarcentibus, Cyclamen with round heart fhaped Leaves, purple on their under Side. Cylamen orbiculato folio inferne purpura- fcente. C. B. P. 3o8. Round leafed Sowbread with a purple under Side. THis Sort is at prefent very rare in England; the Leaves ofthi6 areularge, orbicular.and heart-fliaped at their Bafe, and of a purple on their under Side ; the Leaves and Flowers of this comes up from the Root at the fame Time ; the Flowers are of a purplith Coloor, and their Bottoms of a deep red; it lJiowers late in the Autumn, and requires Protcdion from the Froft in Winter. Mid. Gard. Did. P L A T1 Xcvi, 7qaf/ninum. Tourn. Inti. R,/-1..597. Tat. 368. Lin. Gen. Plant.. 1" [This Name is Alrabic) the 7afmine, or 7f1fe§mine Tree, in French Ja/main. THE Charaaers are, THE Flower hath a tubulous Empalement, A, oP one Lear, which is permanent and cut into five Stgments at theBrim, which are ere~is the Flower is of one Petal, having a long cylindrical Tube, cut into five Segments at the Top, B. which fpread open. It hath two fhort Stamina, C, which are terminated by fmall Summits, and are fituated within the Tube of the Petal; in the Center is fituated a roundifh Germen, D, fupporting a flender Style, E, crowned by ahbifid Stigma; the Germen afterwards turns to an oval Berry with a foft Skin, inclofing two Seeds, which are flat on thofe Sides which join, and convex on the other. THIS Genus of Plants is ranged in the firft Seffion of Uinn-us's fecond Clafs, entitled, DIANDRIA MONOGYN 1 A, in whicth he ranges thofe Plants whofe Flowers have two Staminia and one Style. THIS Species is, Fig. i, Jafminum (ofcinale) foliis oppotitig pinnatis foliolis acuminatis, jafmine with wing'd Leaves plac'd oppofite, whofe Lobes end in acute Points. Jafminum vulgatius, flore albo. C. B. P., 397. The common white Jafmine. TH ixs Sort is the common white Jafmine, which is a Plant fo generally known as to need no De- fcription. This grows naturally at Malabar and in feveral Parts of India, yet has been long inured to our Climate, fo as to thrive and flower extremely well, but never produces any Fruit in England this has we 'k trailing Branches, fo requires the Afliftance of a Wall or Pale to fupport them ; it is eafily proFagated by laying down the Branches, which will take Root in one Year, and may be cut from the old PL nt, and planted where they are defigned to reman: it may alfo be propagated by Cuttings, uhich fhould be planted early in the Autumn, and if the Winter fhould prove fevere, the Surface of the Ground ihould be covered with Tan, Sea Coal, A(hes or Saw Duft, which will prevent the Frofl from penetrating deep into the Ground, and thereby preferve the Cuttings; or where thefe are wanting, fomne Peafe-haulm, or other light Covering fbould be over the Cuttings in hard Frofts; but thefe muft: be removed when the Weather is mild, for they will keep off the Air and occafron Damps, whichoften deftroy them. Mill. Gard. Did. Fig. z. Jafminum (Fruticus) Jafmine with trifoliate fingle Leave diium bacciferum, C. B. P. 398. T HI Sort is the common yello, and will rife to the height of eight their Roots, which they produce in Pleafure Garden i and as they canno in Gardens. Mill. Gard. Did.
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