Edwards, John, b. 1742 / A select collection of one hundred plates: consisting of the most beautiful, exotic and British flowers which blow in our English gardens: accurately drawn and coloured from nature, with their botanic characters, and a short account of their cultivation, their uses in medicine, with the Latin and English names
[Dittany with a red flower; Crown imperial], pp. 10-Plate 20 ff.
1 10 ] P L A TE X Di,5amnus. Lin. Gen. Plant. 522. Fraxinella Tourn. -Infl. R. H. 430. in French Fraxinelle. This Plant was titled Fraxinella, from Fraxi having fome Refemblance in their Form, to thofe of the 4Ah Tree, fo i Plant has been long mentioned under the Title oJ Dilamnusil/bus, i. e fo Dr. Linnaeus has adapted that Title to this Genus. The Charagters are, The Empalement of the Flower is compofed of five fmall ob1 reprefented at A, the Flower hath five oblong Petals, as B, which upward, two are oblique on the Sides, and one turns downward. It h are as long as the Petals, which are fituated between the two fide Pet and are terminated by obtufe four cornered Summits ftanding ereat, fituated a five-cornered Germen, E, fupporting a fhort incurved I Stigma; the Germen afterward becomes a Capfule, with five Cells Margin, wbicfi fpread open at their exterior Parts, but join together Valves, and inclofing feveral roundifh hard fhining Seeds, reprefentec THis Genus of Plants is ranged in the firft Sea ion of Linnrus'sv t MONOGYNIA, the Flower having ten Stamina and one Style. S SeCtion of his eleventh Clafs, which includes the Herbs with an ai whofe Pointal turns to a Fruit with many Capfules. The Specie reprefented is, Diaamnus. Hort. Cliff. 161. This is the Fraxinella. Cluf. 1 Dittany with a red Flower. THERE are three varieties of this Plant, one with a white Flower, and one with a pale red Flower, ftriped with purple, as the P obferved to vary when propagated by Seeds, fo are efteemed only fern This is a very ornamental Plant for Gardens, and as it requires Place in all good Gardens. It hath a perennial Root which ftrikes Head annually increafes in Size ; thefe fend up many Stalks which and are garnifhed with winged Leaves placed alternate ; thefe are c oblong Lobes, terminated by an odd one : They are fmooth and fl which hath a longitudinal Furrow on the upper fide ; the Lobes (or the Mid-rib, are oblique, but thofe which terminate the Leaf have are produced on a long pyramidical loofe Spike on the Top of the long; the whole Plant when gently rubbed, emits an Odour like bruifed has fomething of a balfamic Scent. It Flowers the latter 4 Seeds ripen in September. THE Roots of this Plant are ufed in Medicine, and efleemed Putrefa6tion and Poifon,. and are ufeful in malignant and peftilential Mill. Gard. Dzd. P LA TE X Fritillaria. Lin. Gen. Plant 411. Tourn. Infl. R. H. 376. Tab ImperiaL THE Charaaers are, TuE Flower hath no Empalement, it hath fix oblong Petals; al Bafe, in the Hollow, at the Bafe of each Petal, is fituated a Ne Centre of the Flower is fituated an oblong three-cornered Germei, crowned by a fpreading obtufe Stigma, D; it hath fix Stamina, E, I terminated by oblong four-cornered Summits, as F ; the Germen bec three Lobes having three Cells, which are filled with flat Seeds, repre THE Specie here reprefented, is, FRITILLARIA racemo comofo inferný nudo, foliis integerrimis. with a tufted bunch of Leaves over the Flowers, which is naked 1 the Corona Imperialis. Dod. Pempt. 202. Crown Imperial. Mill. THis Sort grows naturally in Perfia, from whence it was firif br the Year 1570, was introduced to there parts of Europe. It bath a Colour, and a ifrong Odour of a Fox ; the Stalk rifes to the height o and fucculent, and garnifhed two Thirds of the Length on every Si& in Points, which are fmooth and entire; the upper Part of the Stalk ,,the Flowers come out all round the Stalk upon fhort Foot Stalks, whie one large Bell-fhaped Flower; above them arifes a fpreading Tuft This Plant Flo*ers the beginning of Alpril, and the Seeds are ripe in
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