The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The wheelwright, pp. 90 ff.
90 THE WHEELWRIGHT. THIS IS one amongst the most useful trades we have, as it contributes so largely to the transfer of most of our supplies. There can be no doubt but this business must be amongst the most ancient, as ne- cessity would naturally suggest to man the use of some kind of carriage, and which must have wheels of some description. The improvements that have been made in wheels of late years, has been very con- siderable; and at the present time, our car- riage wheels are manufactured on better principles, and by far neater executed than in any other country. In London, the ma- nufacture of wheels for pleasure carriages, is a distinct branch; but in the country towns, a wheelwright not only makes all de- scription of wheels, but also carts, waggons, and other carriages not requiring fine work- manship. This business is a very laborious one; and as it requires great strength, lads of delicate constitution are not fit for it. The wood chiefly used by them is oak, ash, and elm; and their tools are much the same as those of a carpenter. The wheel is principally composed of two parts, the nave, into which the spokes are placed, and the rim, on which the tire is fixed.
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