The book of trades; or, Familiar descriptions of the most useful trades, manufactures, and arts practised in England : and the manner in which the workmen perform their various employments.
(undated, inscribed 1829)
The watch-maker., p. 88
88 THE WATCH-MAKER. THE most ancient mode of obtaining a knowledge of time was by means of a sun- dial. It is not correctly known to whom we are indebted for the invention of clocks with wheels: some attribute it to BOETRIUS, about the year 510: others ascribe the in- vention to a native of Verona, named PACI- Ficus, who lived in the ninth century.- The French annals mentions a water clock being sent by AARON, King of Persia, to CHARLEMAGNE, about the year 807, which seemed to bear some resemblance to the ino- dern clocks. It is stated, on the authority of an inscription engraved on a plate in the vestry of St. Paul's Church, Covent Garden, that an artist in London, named RICHARD HARRIS, constructed a pendulum clock as early as the year 1641. The first repeating clock was invented by one BARLOW, about thirty-five years afterwards. A variety of alterations and many improvements have since been made. ROBERT BRUCE, King of Scotland, is the first person we read of having a watch; which is now in the pos- session of his Majesty. And one belonging to OLIVER CROMWELL, is deposited in the British Museum. When watches were first made, the whole was performed by one man.
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