Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Species 6. Charadrius apricarius. Black-bellied plover, pp. -166
,S'lECIES 6 . CHl/?IJLD1?US dPRICdRIUS. & BLACK-BELLIED PLOVER. [Plate LVII. -Fig. 4.] /luagrini Plover, Fact. Zool. p. 483, .Nlo. 398.-Le Pluvier dor? a gorge noire, BUFF. VIII, 85.-PEALE'S Museum, So. 4196. THIS bird is known in some parts of the country by the name of the large Whistling Field Plover. It generally makes its first appearance in Pennsylvania late in April; frequents the countries towards the mountains; seems particularly attached to newly ploughed fields, where it forms its nest of a few slight materials, as slightly put together. The female lays four eggs, large for the size of the bird, of a light olive colour, dashed with black; and has frequently two broods in the same season. It is an extremely shy and watchful bird, though clamorous during breeding time. The young are without the black colour on the breast and belly until the second year, and the colours of the plumage above are likewise imperfect till then. They feed on worms, grubs, winged insects, and various kinds of ber- ries, particularly those usually called dew-berries, and are at such times considered exquisite eating. About the beginning of September, they descend with their young to the seacoast, * Chharadrius Helveticus, BONAPARTE, Journal Acad. Nat. Sc. v, p. 103. /nn. Lyc. Ii p.298-VanellusHelveticusBuiss. v,p. 107,pl. 10. fig. 1. Summer dress. ORD's reprint, viI, p. 42.-Janellusgriseus, Id. p. 100, p1. 9, fig. 1, winter dress. -Vanellus varius, Id. p. 103, pl. 9, fig. 2, young.-Tringa Ilelveticca, LATH. Iad. OM n. p. 728, No. 10, summer dress of the adult.-T. squatarola, Id. p. 729, Ad. II, winter plumage.-Le Vanneau varie, BUFF. PI. Eni. 923, winter dress.- Le Vanneau gris, id. 854, young.-Le Vanneau suisse, Id. 853, summer dress of adult.-Gray Sandpiper, Arct. Zool. No. 393.-Swiss Sandpiper, Id. Xlo. 396.- British Zool. No. 191.-EDWARDS III, P1. 140.-Yanellus mnelanozaster, BE1d- STEIN, IV, P. 356.-LATH. Syn. iII, P. 167, No. 10; P. 168, No. 11; P. 169, Var. A.-Id. Stpp. p. 248.-TE'MM. iian d'0on. 549.
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