Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Species 3. Columba passerina. Ground dove, pp. -17
SPECIES 3. COLUMB. PAdSSERINd. GROUND DOVE. [Plate XLVI.-Fig. 2, Male-Fig. 3, Female.] LINN. Syst. 285.-SLOAN. Jam. ii. 305.-Le Cocotzin, Fernandez, 24.-BUFF. II, 559. Pl. Enl. 243.-La petite Tourterelle, BRISS. i, 113. -TuRT. Syst. 478.-Columba minnuta, Ibid. p. 479.*- Jrct. Zool. P. 328, .J\o. 191.-CATESB. I, 526.t THIS is one of the least of the Pigeon tribe, whose timid and innocent appearance forms a very striking contrast to the ferocity of the Bird-killer of the same plate. Such as they are in nature, such I have endeavoured faithfully to represent them. I have been the more particular with this minute species, as no correct figure of it exists in any former work with which I am acquainted. The Ground Dove is a native of North and South Carolina, Georgia, the new state of Louisiana, Florida, and the islands of the West Indies. In the latter it is frequently kept in cages; is esteemed excellent for the table, and honoured by the French planters with the name of Ortolan. They are numerous in the sea islands on the coast of Carolina and Georgia; fly in flocks or coveys of fifteen or twenty; seldom visit the woods, prefer- ring open fields and plantations; are almost constantly on the ground, and when disturbed fly to a short distance and again alight. They have a frequent jetting motion with the tail; feed on rice, various seeds and berries, particularly those of the Tooth-ache treet under or near which, in the proper season, they are almost sure to be found. Of their nest or manner of breeding I am unable, at present, to give any account. * Prince Musignano consider, this synonyme is incorrect. -tColumba Passerina, LATI. Ind. Or-it.p. 611, .N'o. G7. C m1jiluta, id. p. 612, SVo 68f t Xanthoxylumn Clava Herculis.
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