Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813. / American ornithology; or The natural history of the birds of the United States
Species 2. Caprimulgus americanus. Night-hawk, pp. -445
S'PECIES 2. C9PRIMULGUS SMERICaNUS.-* NIGHT-HAWK. [Plate XL.-Fig. 1, Male.-Fig. 2, Female.] Long-winged Goatsucker, Lrct. Zool. .No. S37.-PEALE'S Muse- um, .Mo. 7723, inale; 7724, female. THIS bird, in Virginia and some of the southern districts, is called a bat; the name Night-hawk is usually given it in the middle and northern states, probably on account of its appear- ance when on wing very much resembling some of our small Hawks, and from its habit of flying chiefly in the evening. Though it is a bird universally known in the United States, and inhabits North America, in summer, from Florida to Hud- son's Bay, yet its history has been involved in considerable obscurity by foreign writers, as well as by some of our own country. Of this I shall endeavour to devest it in the present account. Three species only, of this genus, are found within the United States; the Chuck-will's-widow, the Whip-poor-will, and the Night-hawk. The first of these is confined to those states lying south of Maryland; the other two are found generally over the union, but are frequently confounded one with the other, and by some supposed to be one and the same bird. A comparison of this with the succeeding plate, which contains the figure of the T'Vhip-poor-will, will satisfy those who still have their doubts on this subject; and the great difference of manners which dis- tinguishes each will render this still more striking and satisfac- tory. * Caprimulgus popetue, VIEILL. Ois. de 1'A3m. Sept pl. 24, female.
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