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The craftsman
Vol. XXIII, Number 2 (November 1912)

Our Parcels Post system,   p. 244 PDF (540.0 KB)

Page 244

HE people of the United States
        have at last achieved the privilege
        of a Parcels Post, through Act of
        Congress, passed during the final
days of its session, and to become effective
January, nineteen hundred and thirteen.
The law which inaugurates this new system
of forwarding packages at a nominal rate
will doubtless be welcomed by a larger ma-
jority of our people than any other which
this able body of men have accomplished,
for it is one from which the individual
enjoys immediate and adequate benefits;
one which will mean greatly increased con-
venience to the rural districts in particular.
  The maximum weight for a Parcels' Post
package has been established at eleven
pounds, and neither its length nor circum-
ference must exceed six feet. A new plan
of regulating the rate according to the dis-
tance carried will be tried in this depart-
ment of the post office; the cost will range
from five cents per pound for any distance
within one hundred miles, increasing one
cent each time the zone extends from one
hundred to three hundred, to six hundred,
to twelve hundred, to two thousand, to
twenty-eight and thirty-six hundred miles,
to twelve cents for all distances greater
than the last named. For each additional
pound of a parcel to be forwarded within
the first zone, three cents will be charged;
four cents in the second, five in the third,
six in the fourth, seven in the fifth, nine in
the sixth, ten in the seventh, and twelve
cents for each pound to all points at greater
distances than thirty-six hundred miles.
  This makes our rate considerably higher
than that of either Germany or France, for
in the former a pound package may be for-
warded six hundred miles for twelve cents,
and in the latter sixteen cents is charged
for the same service. When the limited
extent of these two countries is compared
with the vast distances in the United States,
it seems a more practical plan to adopt this
new system.
  At any rate, it is but an experiment, and
  if found expedient for the greater con-
venience of the public or from an econom-
ical standpoint, to make any change, the
Postmaster General has the right when
sanctioned by the Interstate Commerce
Commission, to revise the conditions of the
law as regards classification, weight and
size limit, zones and rates. This makes it
possible to look forward to constantly in-
creasing efficiency in the Parcels Post De-
partment, for the wheels of the law will not
be so slow in moving where it allows the
executive wider opportunity to promote its
progress; and at the same time it is needful
that the mran placed in the office of Post-
master General be chosen with care greater
in proportion to his increased power.
   T has long been a problem to the home
owner of moderate means to combine
     the artistic with the durable in wall
     decoration. Parts of walls in certain
rooms become dilapidated before the greater
part of the decoration shows any sign of
wear and soil. The walls that ring with
children's merriment tell also tales of grimy
fingers and display hieroglyphics from stray
pencils. Every season the people who make
things come a little nearer than they were
before to the fresh, vital home problems
which they are trying to solve in their dis-
tant factories. A certain maker of interior
decorating materials has come very close
indeed to this difficulty of the man or wo-
man who plans to decorate or redecorate
the home in an artistic and economical way.
   The solution is this: Two kinds of deco-
rating materials are used in combination.
They match perfectly in color, and offer a
wide variety to choose from in creating dif-
ferent color schemes for different rooms,
all blending harmoniously. The first mate-
rial is a tinting making a soft-toned wall
superior in color and quality to kalsomine
and is used for side walls and ceilings in
general. A stencil pattern is often employ-
ed with excellent results in one, two or
more colors, put over the plain tinting and
either blending or contrasting with it. The
second material is a flat wall paint produc-
ing the same soft tone on the walls.  It
matches exactly the first material, but its
advantage lies in the fact that it is wash-
able and the wall to which it is applied may
be cleaned with soap and water and sponge
or cloth.
   One can readily see that the second mate-
rial used in hallways, along the stairs, in
the nursery, the lower part of bathroom
walls where water is splashed and below
the plate or chair rail in the dining room,
enables mother or maid to erase all traces
of soil. It is also desirable for closets and
cupboards which should be kept immacu-
lately clean, free from spots and spillings.

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