Reviews, pp. 405-410 ff.
ALS 1K KAN: NOTES: REVIEWS nature is evidenced throughout the work. Many artists of New York have been most interested in this exhibition and have as- sured Mrs. Hopkins that she should devote as much of her life as she could take from her original interest to this newer line of c,-,deavor. The critics feel that we have in the painting of this woman of already great achievement an artist whose work will be of distinct significance, if her progress in, the future can be measured by the work of the past two years. It is Mrs. Hopkins" plan to spend this coming summer in Bel- gium and to paint in and about Bruges, which is so full of inspiration for the lover of landscape work. Mrs. Hopkins herself feels that the best and biggest part of her life must be given to aiding the progress of the students at the School of Design, and yet she finds great joy in this personal ex- pression of her own interest in the beauty of the world. REVIEWS THE AMERICAN COLLEGE: BY ABRA- HAM FLEXNER A criticism of our present college sys- tem that educators and students. alike should read with care is "The American College," by Mr. Abra- ham Flexner. The book is the result of twenty years' study of the subject, based upon the author's own work in preparing pupils for college, a close observation of their development during and after .their college careers, and his personal experience as graduate student at universities in this country and abroad. Mr. Flexner first defines his problem by outlining the work and development of the American college from its foundation in the days of the Puritans down to the pres- ent time, showing the conservatism that has so seriously hampered the wider usefulness of these institutions, and also the tentative efforts now being made toward widening the curriculum sufficiently to make college training more useful to the practical work of after life. These efforts to reorganize the curriculum on vital modem lines have failed in effectiveness because, as the author summarizes his argument: "The Amer- ican college is wisely committed to a broad and flexible scheme of higher education, through which each individual may hope to procure the training best calculated to real- ize his maximum effectiveness. The scheme fails for lack of sufficient insight; in the first place, because the prepatatoty school routine, devised by the college, suppresses just what the college assumes that it will develop; in the second place, because of the chaotic condition of the college curriculum; finally, because research has largely appro- priated the resources of the college, sub- stituting the methods and interest of highly specialized investigation for the larger ob- jects of college teaching." The way out, as Mr. Flexner sees it, lies in the vigorous reassertion of the priority of the college as such; the shifting back of the point of emphasis to the training of the undergraduate; a reform of the preparatory school so that the transition to college would be less mechanically regulated, and an emphasis of the teaching motive that will put an end to commercialism. (Published by The Century Company, New York. 237 pages. Price, $i.oo net.) HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE: BY RUSSELL STURGIS W ITH the death of the late Russell Sturgis this country lost one of its most notable writers on art, architecture and the crafts, so that the second volume of his "History of Architecture" brings with it a sharp regret that the work must be finished by someone else. The third volume is in preparation by his son, and others who have sufficient knowledge of his plan of the whole work to finish it. In the volume at hand the history of architecture is brought down to the later Romanesque in the several countries of Europe. It will be remembered that the first volume dealt with the classic architecture of ancient Egypt, Western Asia, Greece and Rome. The sec- ond, which is quite as exhaustive and schol- arly in its handling, takes up architecture in India and Southeastern Asia and in China, Japan and Persia. This is followed by an account of the styles resulting from the de-' cline of ancient art, of which a historical' sketch is given. Next come descriptions and illustrations of the earlier Basilicas, the churches of Radiate plan, and the effects of the Byzantine influence upon Christian architecture; then a sketch of Moslem architecture in Syria, Egypt, North Africa, Persia, India, Sicily and Spain, and the lat- ter part of the book is devoted to the de- velopment of the later Romanesque in Italy, France, England, Germany, Spain, Scandi- navia, Armenia and Southeastern Europe. Mr. Sturgis' work is so well and widely 405
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