Speltz, Alexander / Styles of ornament: exhibited in designs, and arranged in historical order, with descriptive text.
The Celtic-Germanic ornament, pp. -106
7*THE CELTIC-GERMANIC ORNAMENT. oubts no longer exist as to the fact that before they came into contact with the Rornans, the Celts and Germans had their own characteristic national art, even, although the same had not advanced beyond the bronze and iron periods. It is difficult to strictly separate Celtic from Germanic ornament, the connections between the two races were so varied and so intimate, that what was characteristic of the one was transplanted to the other. The Celts, who had occupied the whole of Europe, were after Franconian Warrior a time driven out from Germany and Austria (Hottenroth). by the Germans, there must have been there fore ample opportunity, before the Romans came into contact with the Germans, for Celtic and Germanic art to exercise mutual and abiding influence on each other. The Romans became, afterwards, the instructors of both in ornamentation, and under the influence of Roman art, Celtic and Germanic art came closer to each other, the relationship developing into a most intimate connection at that period when the Germans held possession of the Western Empire of the Romans. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Byzantian influence predominated, and as the Roman style became developed, a new art period made itself manifest. Pure Celtic ornament, far purer than in France, existed in the British Islands up into the 12th century. This part of the subject, however, will be treated of when dealing with the art of the Middle Ages.
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