Speltz, Alexander / Styles of ornament: exhibited in designs, and arranged in historical order, with descriptive text.
Introduction, pp. -2
Initial from a German manuscript. 12th century. (Dolmetsch.) INTRODUCTION. ightly understood, the conformation of an ornament should be in keeping with the form and structure, of the object which it adorns, should be in complete subordination to it, and should never stifle or conceal it. As' varied and as manysided as it may be, still, the Art of ornamentation is never an arbitrary one; besides depending on the form of the object, it is influenced also by the nature of the material of which the same is made, as well as by the style or manner in which natural objects are reproduced in ornamentation by different peoples at different times. The art of ornamentation, therefore, stands in intimate relationship with material, purpose, form, and style. The oldest forms of ornamentation consisted of geometric figures, small circles, bands, straight and curved lines, &c, all of which were drawn with categorical regularity and according to a certain rhythm. With the advance in the intellectual development of mankind, artists acquired more technical skill, and ventured even to make use of animals, plants, and, finally, of the human figure itself for ornamental purposes. A plant or a living being can be employed in ornamentation in two ways, firstly, just as it is formed by nature—which is naturalistic Ornament, and secondly, in a form which reflects the spirit of the times, SPELTZ. Styles of Ornament.
This material may be protected by copyright law (e.g., Title 17, US Code).| For information on re-use, see http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright