Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Sketches and hints on landscape gardening : collected from designs and observations now in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally made : the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the art of laying out ground
[Concerning buildings. cont.], pp. 15-16
15 Gothic of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; and even that peculiar kind called Queen Eliza- beth's Gothic, in which turrets prevailed, though battlements were discarded, and Grecian columns occasionally introduced. Under the horizontal character I include all edifices built since the intro- duction of a more regular architecture, whether it copies the remains of Grecian or Roman models. There is, indeed, a third kind, in which neither the horizontal nor perpendicular lines prevail, but which consists of a confused mixture of both; this is called CHINESE. 'The two characters of architecture might, perhaps, be distinguished by merely calling the one ' GOTHIC, or of old date, and the other GRECIAN, or modern: but it is not the style or date that necessarily determines the character, as will appear from plate V.; which represents a view of an house at such a distance that none of its parts can be distinguished, yet the prevalence of horizontal or perpendicular lines at once fixes and determines the character. The first we should call a Grecian, or modern house ; the latter, a Gothic one: and there can be little doubt, in such a situation, which ought to be preferred. I may here observe, that it is unnecessary to retain the Gothic character within the mansion, at least not farther than the hall, as it would subject such buildings to much inconve- nience; for since modern improvement has added glass sashed windows to the ancient Grecian and Roman architecture, in like manner the inside of a Gothic building may, with the same propriety, avail itself of modern comforts and convenience. The character of the house should, of course, prevail in all such buildings as are very conspicuous, or in any degree intended as ornaments* to the general scenery; such as lodges, pavilions, temples, * In consequence of the general observation, respecting the prevalence of perpendicular lines in the Gothic; at plate VI. is introduced a design of a gate, which is every where used at Welbeck, but would be utterly incongruous to Grecian architecture.
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