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Repton, Humphry, 1752-1818 / Observations on the theory and practice of landscape gardening: including some remarks on Grecian and Gothic architecture, collected from various manuscripts, in the possession of the different noblemen and gentlemen, for whose use they were originally written; the whole tending to establish fixed principles in the respective arts
(1803)

[Chapter XII, continued],   pp. 171-178


Page 171

-171
windows were opened on the outside of the building. The views
from a window were of little consequence at a time when glass
-was hardly transparent, and in many of the ancient castles the
small lozenge panes were glazed with coloured glass, or painted
with the armorial bearings, which admitted light witho at, gny
prospect. Perhaps there is no form better calculated for conve-
nience of habitation, than a house consisting of one or more of
these courts, provided the dimensions are such as to admit free
circulation of air, because in such a house the apartments are
all easily connected with each other, and may have a passage of
communication for servants from every part. Of this kind are
the old palaces at Hampton Court and St. James's, of Penshurst
and Knowle, in Kent, Warwick Castle, and various other ancient
mansions.
No. 2. Houses of the next form I consider as of later date,
although from the various subsequent alterations it is difficult to
define their original shapes: they seem to have had one side of
the quadrangle opened, and thus the line of communication
being cut off, this sort of house becomes less commodious in
proportion to the length of its projecting sides. Of this descrip-
tion were COBIAm HALL and CASLHIOBURY, to both which have
been judiciously added square courts of offices, under the direc-
tion of Mr. James Wyatt.
No. 3. is a form introduced in the reign of James I, with
the quadrangle so small, that it is often damp and dark; of this
kind are CREWE, HILL HALL, GAYHURST, and CULFORD;
although the latter has been modernised and changed to the
form No. 7. Houses of this shape may sometimes be greatly
improved by covering the inner court entirely, and converting


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