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Barber, Edwin Atlee, 1851-1916 / Artificial soft paste porcelain, France, Italy, Spain and England

Chantilly,   pp. 7-8

Page 7

The decorations are usually in dark blue, under the glaze, but
occasionally in other colours, such as red, yellow, green, purple and dark
brown. The most common ornaments are sprays of flowers in relief
and paintings in imitation of old Rouen faience or Chinese porcelain.
A marked feature of St. Cloud porcelain is the moulded fluting
of cups and jugs. Most characteristic is the vertical inner rim on
the upper side of saucers (trembleuse), intended to hold the cup in
place and to prevent it from slipping. The paste is usually quite thick
and the glaze frequently contains numerous black specks.
The earliest mark on St. Cloud porcelain (1702-1715) is the rep-
resentation of the sun, having reference to Louis XIV. and his motto,
Nec pluribus impar. A later mark consists of the letters "S. C."
above the initial "T." (St. Cloud, Trou), used when the factory was
under the management of Henry Trou, who succeeded Chicanneau.
These were first impressed and later painted in blue. In the group
of St. Cloud pieces shown here (Nos. i and 2) the cup and saucer have
the second mark in blue, beneath which is an additional letter, P.
These were produced between 1722 and 1762. The odd cup at the
right bears the sun mark, in blue.
The soft paste porcelain made here from about 1711 was a close
imitation of that of St. Cloud, and it is difficult, with our present limited
knowledge of the former, to distinguish the one from the other, in
the absence of marks. The paste of the Lille ware is supposed to be
thicker and the glaze less perfect. The mark is a monogram com-
posed of the initials of Frangois Boussemaert, a director of the factory,
used with or without the name of the town. The letter D (for Dorez,
the founder of the works), and the initial of the town, L, are marks
also attributed to Lille.
At Chantilly frit porcelain was made from 1725 to 1789, or later,
the factory having been founded in the first-named year by Cirou.
At first tin was used to render the glaze white and opaque. One style
of decoration extensively used here was that known as the Kakiye-
mon, so called after the famous Japanese potter who originated a
distinct style of decoration on Imari ware in the province of Hizen.
This decoration consists of sprays of flowers and small groups of birds

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