Papworth, John Buonarotti, 1775-1847. / Hints on ornamental gardening : consisting of a series of designs for garden buildings, useful and decorative gates, fences, railroads, &c. : accompanied by observations on the principles and theory of rural improvement, interspersed with occasional remarks on rural architecture
A lodge [cont'd], pp. 49-52 ff.
FORMS OF GROUND. ently important to govern it may demand, and thence supply its character : this will arise either from the nature of the country in which it is placed, the peculiarities of the spot on which it is to be built, the edifice to which it is attendant, or the rank and station of the proprietor. In general it may be said of lodges (for but few exceptions occur in places of moderate extent) that they should be conisi- dered as a higher class of cottages, improved upon the foregoino, principles, and also sparingly decorated. ON THE FORMS OF GROUND. To imitate natural scenery, an irregular surface of ground is sometimes necessary: to effect which is the business of garden improvement, and demands an early attention ; for, unless an undulating surface be prepared before the planting is b)egun, very little of such advantage can be expected without sacrifices. Great diversity of surface may, in general, be obtained at no objectionable expense, if the labour be discreetly conducted. To sink the valley and raise the hill is a good rule, when properly applied, in which case the beneficial results are so immediate and striking, as amply to compensate for every exer- tion: hence plants and trees obtain the appearance of several growths as they are situated on greater or less elevations, and produce varieties of incident and opposition of light, shadow, form and colour that cannot be effected on level ground. Such undulations also allow a command of near and distant views, and occasionally afford sites appropriate for temples, alcoves, and seats, suited to retirement, reflection or study. Artificial means should be resorted to in flat situations, to ele- vate the house itself, for the purlIpose of obtainin- command of Ht 49)
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