Nieuhof, Johannes, 1618-1672 / An embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham, emperor of China: delivered by their excellencies Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, at his imperial city of Peking wherein the cities, towns, villages, ports, rivers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking are ingeniously described by John Nieuhoff; also an epistle of Father John Adams, their antagonist, concerning the whole negotiation; with an appendix of several remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher; Englished and set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby
[Kircher appendix] Chap. IX. Of the fishes in China., p. 415
D~fcription ofC H IX~. Rocks, within which in the Spring-time a multitude of little Birds, like unto Sparrows or Swallows,.flock to build their Nefts. from whence they come 's notk rhey fix their NefIs to the Rocks, wherewith fingular artifice they lay their Eggs, hatch their young ones, and flie away: Their Nefis are vather'd u'D and Trannr wpA , , n . ..... :.... rt... i ........-.- -- r; .. . . -A A4LJ+,vk~cu .. vvuuicVar inU ELGUnna nci japan, where they are efteem'd as great Delicacies ; they are in a manner diaphanous or tranfpafen . I have three of them in my Study; they are fomewhat of ayela lowifh Colour, of an Aromatical Compofition, and being mix'd with any fort of Meat whatfoever, give it a grateful tafle ; the Matter whereof thefe Nefis are built, they produce out of their Stomachs, which fixing upon the Rocks.,thcy curioufly form with a Liquor they find iffuing from the Clefts: But of this fee more in Father Daniel Dartolhs his Hiftory of Cbina, and Father 'Philip Marinuashis Hifory of (bina, Fol. 41. CHAP. IX. Of the Fijhes of China. Here is in the Province of 9,untung the fo much admir'd Animal, by the Cbhinefes call'd Hoan ioyu, that is, The Safron-Fif, which in the q nm m pr q pa¢rnn, ;c v nr,, dh r .,.Cr.t" , . .I '...-. A , , A.. -%C L - Z' . I ,U1LICK - ciuua wL A tUci1Uiqanr LmIi1ULUIoaLU iLU rL[ ot tiame Colour, and like other Fowls flying over the Mountains, feeketh its Nutri- ment; but when Autumn is ended, returning to the Sea, it is chang'd into a Fifh, whieh the Natives efteemas a great Delicacy for its mofi pleafant tafte. They report of a Fifh in the fame Province, which they call The Swimming Cov', that it often cometh Afihore, and fighteth with the Land Cows; but con. tinuing long out of the Water, the Horn waxeth foft, and becoming of no defence, the Fifh is compell'd to return again to the Waters to recover the hardnefs of the Horn. The Author of the Jtla faith, That there are a kind of Bats in the Province of Xenfl, which are as big as a Hen or Goofe, and much fought after by the Chinefes as a fingulat Diflh, their Flefh being much preferr'd before the moil "delicate Meats that can be made of Hens, See what I have faid before concern' ing Bats in the Empire of the Mogor. In the Province of .Zuantung is found a Sea.Monfler with four Eyes and fit Feet, which liveth by feeding on Oyflers, and vomits up things like Pearls; it refembleth the Creature call'd a Sea.Spider, and is not much unlike a Tor- toife. In the Province of 9,angfi, in the Cleft of a Mountain, are Fifh that have four Feet and Horns, which the Chine/es call The Deligbt of the Dragon, and efleern it an Offence worthy to be punifh'd with Death to injure them. They fay alfo, That there is in this Tra4e of Land an Animal which refembleth a Bird in the Head, and a Fifh in the Tail, whichthey call !kondo-es, that is Swallows ; I have one tofhew in my Study, which will turn it felf unto that part from whence the Wind bloweth. The fame Author likewife reporteth, That in this Province are found Crabs, which when they have left the Waver and come into the Air, immedi- ately are turn'd intoa hard Stone, yet retaining their form. CHAP.
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