Nieuhof, Johannes, 1618-1672 / An embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham, emperor of China: delivered by their excellencies Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, at his imperial city of Peking wherein the cities, towns, villages, ports, rivers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking are ingeniously described by John Nieuhoff; also an epistle of Father John Adams, their antagonist, concerning the whole negotiation; with an appendix of several remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher; Englished and set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby
[Kircher appendix] Chap. VII. Of the last introduction of Christianity into China., pp. 375-382 ff.
Defcriptio VojCH I 5(X. demonftrate the fame in their Learned Commentaries. And therefore by this occafion the Gofpel of Cbrift being fpread throughout all Tartary and the King, -i --- -r /, - - --- ,1'1,-'* 1-I * - -9 dom of Cathay, which is Chna, was in every Place much augmented. But at we have often faid before, what through the defe& of the Culcivators of the Vineyard of Chrift, or by the variousSucceffors of the Empire, very little ad- di&ed unto the Chriftian Faith, or from fome other caufes, the Tartarian Church reduc'd unto its Chaos, partly adher'd unto theSuperflition of the Gentiles, part- ly unto the Law of Mahomet, or elfe to the Herefie of the Neftorians, who in thd Year i3oo. undertaking an Expedition or Voyage from Chaldea. into Tartary to fow their Tares, infe6ted the Minds of the Chriffians there yet rrmainining with the Venome of their impious Opinions, and alfo taught them, who were igno, rant of Writing before, the ufe of the Cbaldean Charaders, which the Tartars ufe unto this Day. But how the Tartars became Mahametans, read in MatthiMcbeu, in his firft Book ofthe .dfiatick Tartary. And this is that which in brief I efleem'd requifite to acquaint the Reader with, concerning the Change of the Cbriflian Rkeligion in China, Tartaria, and the other Regions of 4dia. C HAP. VII, Of the laf Introdsion 6f Chrfliamty into China. He Church of Chrift continuing thusfromrn Anno!636. in which the Syro. T h ious Cbinefian Monument was ereaed in China, and making great Progrefi, chanes o f hAn A h.L i' ...v ,^C lan.,I;nA hv rh& Alr.14on.A ite Cbrqiinai L'.1'Juu, JE vmm IAJ VAaLIL102 jU7 ELIA11111aX5Ii&4LUr 4WAI.ACU LV.L en SWInJ, 1M threw down at one (hock or fform, wharfoever the Church of God had per- feted in many years, the Preachers of the- 1Criftian Faith, out of the hatred and envy of the J!onzii, being fome put to deathjand the reft banith'd; whence the Faithful at that time perfevcr'd in the conflancy of the Faith receiv'd, even unto the Death : but their Pofferity in procefs of time, being brought up in the Rites of the Law of the Gentiles, even unto the Year 17,56. in which the Great Cbam, Emperor of the Tartars, making an Incurfion into China or Cathay with art irrefiflible Army, in a fliort fpace, as I have related before, fubje cd the whole Country unto his Dominion, who as he was.inftruded in the Chriflan keliion, fo alfo a great multitude of Chriflians (as Paulus Jenetas and faython relate) en. tring withhim., Propagated themfelves in a great number, who at length, when again the Natives recover'd the whole Empire, and expell'd the Tartars, the Chrifi~aafo, whether out of fear of Perfecution, or out of hope of living better among the Tartars, left Chinaand follow'd them; and thofe that remain'd behind, retain'd only fome external Ceremonies: And thefe are thofe Cbriftians whom the Cbinefes, by the Name of The 4dorers of the Crofs, relate to have liv'd . in i an ; concerning which fee what I have faid before. Therefore Cl'ina being again accuftom'd untoits Country Worfhip of Idols, fo continu'd unto the Year 154. in which a new Light of Truth fhone forth unto it; for after that St. Franci*0Xavier, an Apofle elewled by God for the Salvation of the Indians-; had fown the Seed of the Wordl.ofGod through all the unknown Parts of the World, oWith a great and incredible gain. of -Souls, and had gain'd Japan, an Ifland hardly noted to the World, unto the Faith of Chr at length he ap. ply'd his Mind, inflam'd with a thirfi of obtaining Souls unto Chrifl, to the Converfion of the Chinefes, ufing his utmnfo endeavor, that he might become Mafler
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