Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds. The most of which have not hitherto been either figured or described, and the rest, by reason of obscure, or too brief descriptions without figures, or of figures very ill designed, are hitherto but little known
The red and blue Brasilian finch ; The flying squirrel, pp. 191-[Plate] 191 ff.
( I9' .) The Red aid B/lae B R A S I L I A N F I N C d!. -1H E Bird is here figured of its natural Bignefs: It is fhaped much like our fmlt TSinging Birds, but hath the Tail a little longer in Proportion ; the Tail is all'O pointed, having the Middle-Feather longer than thofe on the Sides, which f.loi-tea gradually, tho' that is very uncommon in Birds of its Genus. It is a lively, Lrifk: Singing Bird, having a very pretty Note. The Bill is Ihaped like a Goldfinch's, of a very fine Red, or Scarlet-Colour: The Feathers round the upper Part of the Bill, and the Sides of the Head, all round the Eyes for a good Breadth, are of a fine Purple, or Bloffom -Colour. The Eyes are of a dark Colour, but the Eyelids, or Skin round the Eyes, are of a fine Scarlet-Co- lour; between the Bill and Eye is a dufky Line. The Throat, immediately beneath the Bill, is Black ; the Top of the Head, Neck, Back, Covert-Feathers of the Wings, Breaft and Belly, as far as the Thighs, are of a dark, dufky, red Colour; the Quills of the Wings are of a blackifh or dufky Colour; the lower Part of the Back, the Belly about the Vent, and the Covert-Feathers, both above and beneath the Tail, are of a very fine blue Colour, which mixes and foftens into the Reddifh on the Back and Belly. The Tail is Black, the Middle-Feather pretty long, the Side-Feathers gra- dually become fhorter. The Legs and Feet are like thofe of other fmall Birds of this Clafs, of a darkifh Flefh-Colour. This rare, curious and undeferibed Bird, was the Property of Mrs. Scrafton, in Buckler's-Bwy, London. My curious and worthy Friend, Dr. Monro, Sen. directed me to take a Draught of it. It came from Bra/il, where it is a fcarce Bird, and much valued. 7he F L Y I N G S QU I R R E L. H I S curious little Beaft is here drawn of its natural Bignefs. It was drowry findt in- J[ aLtive all the Day, but when the Evening came on it was very lively, leaping (or flying very ninUbly) from Place to Place in its Cage. The upper Side of it, from Nofe to TLai-en<, was of a brov nifl- Colour, like that of a wild Rabbet : The Nofe was fhort and w"hitith ro nd it ; the Eyes were large, Black, and franding far out of the Head ; it had a white Mark above each Eye ; the under Side of the Head, Neck, the Belly and Infides of the I.egs, we. e White ; the upper Side was parted from the under by loofe Skins, which ran along its tides, and fpread themifelves between the fore and hinder L.-Zs, when they are ftretched out in leaj- ing. Thefe skins affift the Animal to fkim along a great Way ; the Tail alfo was broad anrd flat like a Feather, and becomes thereby a farther Affiflance in its Flight. It hadi a bla(lkilh Stripe on each Side, juft alove the Edge of the Skin, or Fin that runs along its Sides: It had four Toes on each Foot forwards, with the Rudiment of another Toe ; the hinder Feet hav e cach five diftinat Toes. The Ears were fhort and roundifbi, the Flefh appearing through tiie Thinnefs of the Hair, as it did likewife about the Nofe, and on the Feet. Mr. Catrf4Y has figur'd a Flying Squirrel, which I take to be of a different Species, it being all over of a Dun or Afh-Colour; he fays, they lea) or fly about fourfcore Yard.s. See his I';jg~r,;v of Gat'rO/l1ne, I'cl. II. P. 76, 77. Thley are brouglt to us from feveral Parts of Corit/ A;;eric, and have of late been difcovered in Ploland. jares i hecac, BK; of Surryftrcct, Las the above deicribcd now lIvIng,. Eb e
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