Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds. The most of which have not hitherto been either figured or described, and the rest, by reason of obscure, or too brief descriptions without figures, or of figures very ill designed, are hitherto but little known
The golden thrush Icterus, pp. 185-[Plate] 185 ff.
( i85 ) The G O L D E N T H R U S H. IMerus. T H E Figure reprefents the Bird of its natural Bignefs: It is a Bird of Paffige; they are found in the Southern Parts of Em2- rope all the Summer Seafon, and I have received of them from Ben- gal in the Ea/I-Indies. The Bill is Something fironger in Proportion than a Thrufh's Bill, and of a red Colour. The Irides of its Eyes are red; [according to Mr. JYillughby's Account, who had fhot fome of them in GermanyJ from the Angle of the Mouth to the Eye is drawn a black Line. The Head, Neck, whole Body, both above and beneath, Thighs, and upper and under Covert-Feathers of the Tail, are of a very fine XYellow, or Golden- Colour. The Wings are Black on their upper Sides, except the Quills, which have narrow Tips of Yellow, and the Coverts immediately above the Prime-Quills, call'd the Baftard-Wing, which are tipped alto with Yellow, fomnet zing deeper, and form a yellow Spot in the Wing; the inner Covert-Feathers of the Wing are Yellow ; the Quills within Side are Dusky ; the firfi Quill is very fhort, not exceedinig half the Length of the Second. The Tail-Feathers are pretty equal in Leivith; the Middlc-ones are wholly Black; the t'ide- Feathers are Snore than UL .if Way Black towards their Roots, and of a Gold-Colour at their Tins; the Legs and Feet are like thofe of Thruthes, of a black, or dus wy Colour. I have had one of thefe Birds fent me in Spirits from Bengal, and another from Gi- braltar, fhot there on the Rock. It is knowvn in France by the Name Lriot. It is the Wi/twall, Galbula, Galgidus, feu Picus Nidunfui/ipendens, Aldrov. Oriolus Albherti, Chloreus Ariflotelis, & Jdcrus Plinii. See Wli."zighby's Ornithology, P. 198. I take the Tdl/ow fay, and the Bqß 1y, of Petiver, to be no other than the Cock and Hen of this Species. See Rayis Synopfis Methodica Aviunm. P. 194, Tab. i. Fig. 8, 9. Mr. A/bin is the laft Author that has figur'd this Bird. See his e/lIow Bird from Ben- gal, Vol. II1. P. 19. of his Hilhory of Birds; but he owns it was from a Picture brought from India. I have feen the faid Pidture in Mr. Dandridge's Hands, and found it to be meanly perform'd, and contrary to Nature, for which Reafon I have given this Draught direaly from the Bird, and hope it will be acceptable to the Curious, becaufe I do not know that any EngliJh Author has given a Draught of it from Nature. A/bin was either ignorant of its being a Bird common in Europe, or defign'd to impofe it on the unknowing for an undefcribed Species,
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