Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds, the most of which have not hitherto been figured or described, and the rest, by reason of obscure, or too brief descriptions, without figures, or of figures very ill design'd, are hitherto but little known
The blue gros-beak from Angola, pp. 125-[Plate] 125 ff.
( 1 25 ) The Blue G( R O S - B E A K from Angola. H I S Bird is here figured of its natural Bignefs, which agrees with the Size j of the cominion Gros-beak or lawfinch, [Coccothraziges vulgaris] of which Ge- nus it is a difftncq Species. The Bill is very firong, thick at its -Bafe, and fharp-pointed, tho' ending in an Angle not very acute; of a Lead-Colour, with the lower Mandible lighter than the Upper. The Eyes are of a dark Il-afel-Colour, the Pupil Black. The Bill is encom- pafled above and beneath with black Feathers; narrow on the Forehead, on the Sides reaching back to the Eflyes, and beneath the Bill reaching about an Inch down the Throat. The Head, Neck, Back, Rump, leffer Covert-Feathers of the Wings, and all the under Side of the Bird are of a very fine deep blue Colour. On the Top of the Head the Feathers are longer than ordinary, and form a little Creff on the Hinder- part of the Head. The greater Feathers, or Quills in the Wings, and the Row of Covert-Feathers next above them are Black; yet thofe Quills that fall next the Back of the Bird, and the firfi Row of Coverts above them have blue Edges. The Tail is wholly Black on the upper Side, and of a fainter or dufky Black beneath, as are the greater Feathers of the Wings. Its Legs and Feet are rather little and weak than ftrong in Proportion to the Bignefs of the Bird. The Legs, Feet and Claws are all of a Black, or dark Lead-Colour. This Bird was brought with feveral others alive from Lfibon, by Mr. Paul Mar- yn, a Gentleman who had been in the Portuguefe Settlements abroad. While he was in London, he lodged at the Iloufe of Mr. Goodchi/d, a Dealer in Hard-Wares, in Cannon-Street, where he obliged me with the Sight of all his curious Birds, from which I made Daughts: And he was fo good as to write Notes under each of them for my better Information of their Natures. Under the above he wrote as fol- lows. " The Portuguefie call it Azulam; this Bird is only to be got on the Coaft IC of Angola, in Africa, a Settlement belonging to the 'Portuguefe ; it is chiefly " efeerned for its Docility and Colour". I believe, I may venture to pronounce this Bird a Non-defcript, as I have been at fome Pains to examine our Natural Hiflorians, and can find nothing like it. I have placed it on a Branch of a Cherry-Tree (which I copied from Nature) by the Way of contrafting the Colours. The Butterfly in this Plate is EngliJh, and of the natural Size. Its Body is brown; the lower Wings are of a yellowifli White, dotted with Black round their Borders; the upper Wings are half White next the Body, the other Half is of an Orange-Colour, and bordered with Black at the End. There is alfo a fmall Spot of Black in the Q9range-colour'd Part of each Wing. Tbe
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