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Edwards, George, 1694-1773. / A natural history of birds. Most of which have not been figur'd or describ'd, and others very little known from obscure or too brief descriptions without figures, or from figures very ill design'd.
[Part I] (1743)

The solitary sparrow,   pp. 18-[Plate] 18 ff.

Page 18

( I8 )
The    SOLITARY           SPARROW.
F   0 R Bignefs, Shape of Body, and Proportion of Parts, it is like the
Black-Bird; the Figure reprefents the Bird of its natural Size.
Tche Bill is firaight, the upper Mandible bending a little downwards at
the Point, of a black Colour above and beneath; the Infide and Cor-
ners of the Mouth of a rediffi Yellow-colour; the Eye is of a dark
Hazel-colour; the Eye-lids all round, of a yellow Colour; the Feathers
of the whole Bird, except the Quills and Tail, are of a full Blue, darker
on the Back, and lighter on the Breaff; the Feathers on the Breaft and
Belly being bared acrofs or fringed with a lighter Colour; the Quills and
Tail-feathers are of dusky Brown or Black, yet have they on their outer
Webs fomething of Blue; fome of the firif Row of Wing Coverts, next
the Belly, are tip'd with White; the Legs and Feet are Black; it hath
black Claws.
This Bird is defcrib'd by Willoughby, P. i9I. but there being no
good Figure of it, I thought it might be acceptable to the Curious.
They are fam'd for the Sweetnefs of their Singing. My Defcription
differs a little from that in Willoughby; but I always choofe to defcribe
from Nature itfelf, before I confult the Defcriptions of others. The Hen
is defcrib'd, together with the Cock, in the above Page of Willoughby.
I drew and defcrib'd this from the live Bird at Sir Charles Wager's.
They are faid to be found in the mountainous Parts of Italy, and
breed in Rocks and old ruin'd Towers; but I have reafon to believe
they are fcatter'd all over Europe, efpecially in the Southern Parts, fince
I have feen fome of them that were fhot at Gibraltar, and fent dry'd
to London.

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