Grigsby, Leslie B. (Leslie Brown) / The Longridge collection of English slipware and delftware. Volume 2: delftware
Dishes and plates: "Palissy-type" wares, pp. 30-37
D ELF TWA RE Dining and Related Wares Dishes and Plates D1. DISH Southwark, London Montague Close or Pickleherring Dated 1633 H.: 2 1/8" (5.4 cm); L.: 19 3/8" (49.2 cm); W.: 16 1/8" (40.9 cm) BODY CLAY: Buff with small red inclusions. TIN GLAZE: White. That on exterior lower in tin content with greenish areas and touches of manganese purple. SHAPE: Molded. Deep-welled dish with unevenly smoothed exterior. DECORATION: Painted and relief, Fecundity scene with Venus and putti in interior. Inscribed 1633 STEPHEN: FORTVNE:&:ELIZABETH." Border com- posed of masks, vases of flowers (or fruit baskets?), circular depressions with flowers, and oval depressions with artemisia leaves. Published: Apollo 12 (July-December 1935), p. 11; Lipski and Archer, Dated Delftware, no. 90; Little, Little by Little, p. 78, fig. 97; Grigsby, Dated Longridge Delftware and Slipware, pp. 878-879, pl. 4. Ex coils.: Lord Revelstoke; B. K. and N. F Little. 1. L.ipski and Archer, Dated Delftware, nos. 90-126 passim. 2. Burman, Motifs 2, p. 105; Archer, V&A, p. 109; Britton, Palissy, pp. 172-173. For French exam- pies, see Morley-Fletcher and Mcllroy, Pictorial History, p. 178, no. 1; Kassebaunm Collection, no. 109; Archer, V&A, p. 110, fig. 27. Archer comments (19981: Palissy's successors did make fecundity dishes. 3. Archer, V&A, no. A.16, pp. 110, 561. 4. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, collection (no. 61.1240); Archer, V&A, no. A.61; Peirce, Cocke Collection, no. 1; Minneapolis Institute collection (no. 96.36.1); Allen Museum collec- tion; Sotheby's (L), November 15, 1994, lot 112. For a 1635 fecundity dish with florets and artemisia leaves but no mattress striping, see Lipski and Archer, Dated Delftware, no. 91. 5. Lipski and Archer, Dated Delftware, no. 137; Rackham, Glaisher, vol. 2, pl. 96, no. 1408. 6. Burlington (1914), pl. 38, Case D, no. 57 (then in the Manderson collection). 30 The Longridge Collection I1 Iý "Palissy-Type" Wares T his important "fecundity dish" is the first of three in the Longridge collection (see nos. D2, D3) and is the earliest of nearly twenty dated examples, the latest being from 1697.1 English versions derive from sixteenth-century, French, lead- glazed earthenware dishes, perhaps after metalwork originals, that often display mottled grounds over much of the area outside the central reserve. Tra- ditionally such pieces have been attributed to Bernard Palissy (d. 1590) -explaining the popular title "Palissy dishes" for English examples-but though his factory did produce fine relief-decorated pottery imitated by English delft- ware manufacturers (see nos. D4, D5, D6), there is no evidence of its making dishes depicting the fecundity scene. Based on the close similarity between relief motifs, it has been thought, perhaps mistakenly, that molds were taken from the French originals to create the English dishes.' The date on the dish shown here indicates that it was made in Southwark at Montague Close or Pickleherring. Although rim fragments of fecundity dishes have been unearthed at Rotherhithe, there is no evidence of that factory's being active before 1636.:' The Longridge dish fits into a distinct group of examples, all but one of which have in the rim depressions florets alternating with artemisia leaves. The leaf motif represents one of the Eight Precious Things and is derived from Chinese export porcelain ornament. All dishes in the group have a distinctive striped edge to the mattress on which the figure is reclining." Some examples appear to be from different molds, and the constituents of the group represent the produce of more than one factory (see nos. D2, D3). A somewhat bizarre cousin to relief-decorated versions is a smooth-surfaced, circular fecun- dity dish dated 1675 and depicting a variation on the central scene within a foliate and grotesque border.' Also perhaps unique is an oval version with the usual raised central scene within a smooth outer border painted with pome- granates and grape clusters.'
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